April Prices Received Index Up 1.1 Percent, Prices Paid Index Up 0.5 Percent

April Prices Received Index Up 1.1 Percent The April Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 92.9, increased 1.1 percent from March 2019. At 84.7, the Crop Production Index decreased 1.2 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 100.0, increased 2.6 percent. Producers received higher prices for hogs, broilers, hay, and milk but lower prices for lettuce, market eggs, strawberries, and corn. Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is up 0.1 percent. The Crop Production Index decreased 4.3 percent and the Livestock Production Index increased 4.6 percent. The indexes are calculated using commodity prices and volumes of commodities that producers market. Inc

Milk prices continue to strengthen

Dairy Outlook: The Class III price should be in the upper $17s by October. U.S. milk production is decreasing, according to Bob Cropp, University of Wisconsin-Madison dairy economist. “Increases in milk production are well below 1% from the last quarter of 2018 and going into this year, with February milk production just 0.1% higher than a year ago,” Cropp says. “March production was 0.6% lower than a year ago, and April’s production was up just 0.1%. This has reduced dairy product production and increased dairy product prices.” Dairy product stocks decline The latest dairy product production numbers, for March, compared to the year before showed production down 3.9% for butter, 3.2% for che

Fluid Milk and Cream - Western U.S. Report 22

Fluid milk production in California is close to the same levels as last week. Milk intakes from Class I is steady to higher. Milk loads were handled well over the Memorial Day holiday with limited issues noted. Manufacturing schedules remain busy due to a lot of milk available for processing. Nonetheless, there is a good balance between the quantity of milk supplied and the one requested. In Arizona, milk yield remains lower than customary. At the beginning of the week, the weather was cooler, but that did not affect much milk output. The volumes of milk produced in-state are enough to satisfy local customers' needs. With some schools being out for the summer, bottled milk demand is down. Cl

This Week's Drought Summary (5/30)

During this U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) week, a strong high pressure ridge was anchored over the southeastern contiguous U.S. (CONUS) while an upper-level trough dominated the West. This pattern set up a southwesterly flow across the central part of the country, which funneled moist and unstable air from the Gulf of Mexico into the Plains. Pacific weather systems moving in the jet stream flow plunged into the western trough, bringing precipitation and cooler-than-normal temperatures to much of the country from the Rockies westward. The weather systems intensified as they moved into the Plains, triggering another week of severe weather and heavy flooding rains. Two or more inches of precipita

US butter prices climbing

Butter prices saw some slippage last Tuesday but rallied to close the week at $2.3875 per pound, up 4 3/4-cents on the week but 2 3/4-cents below a year ago. Tuesday’s butter was up 2 cents, hitting $2.4075 per pound, the highest CME price since May 30, 2018, almost one year ago. Dairy Market News says cream has been more available for butter makers, likely due to the Memorial Day holiday but plant managers saw more cream than expected the previous week. Butter demand remains at or slightly above expectations. Western butter sales are mixed with reported declines in some areas and increases in others however the increases seem more prevalent than the declines. Cream supplies have been tighte

USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Corn, Soybean Planting Slogs on in Waterlogged US Midsection

OMAHA (DTN) -- Farmers in the waterlogged midsection of the U.S. continued to slowly slog along in planting corn and soybeans last week, but made little headway in narrowing the gap between this year's progress and the five-year average, according to USDA NASS' weekly Crop Progress report released Tuesday. The report was delayed a day due to the Memorial Day holiday. An estimated 58% of U.S. corn was planted as of Sunday, up 9 percentage points from 49% the previous week, and still well behind 90% at the same time last year and 32 percentage points behind the five-year average of 90%. That was further behind average than in last week's report when corn planting was 31 percentage points behin

Fluid Milk and Cream - Western U.S. Report 21

In California, milk output is flat and below peak levels. However, it is enough to meet the needs of buyers. Bottlers are still actively taking milk, but have reduced their intakes with the closing of some schools for the summer. Over the Memorial Day weekend, more milk will be going to balancing facilities as some Class II and cheese plants will be closed. Arizona milk production is steadily falling. Milk volumes are not always enough to meet the needs of processing plants, therefore some of them are getting additional loads from California and other surrounding states. Class I sales are steady to declining compared to last week. Class II usage is active. In New Mexico, milk supplies availa

This Week's Drought Summary (5/23)

A series of Pacific upper-level weather systems, and their associated surface lows and fronts, moved across the contiguous U.S. (CONUS) during this U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) week. These systems dropped half an inch or more of precipitation across much of the West, Plains, and Midwest, as well as parts of the Northeast. Heavy rains of 2 to 4 inches, or more, fell across parts of California, especially the upslope regions. The systems triggered severe weather in the Plains, with training thunderstorms dropping flooding rains. Two inches or more of precipitation was measured from northern Texas to Illinois, parts of the northern Plains, eastern Texas to Louisiana, and Upper Mississippi Valley

April milk production up 0.1%

While U.S. milk production last March fell below that of a year ago for the first time in six years, the USDA’s preliminary 50-state data put April output up 0.1%. Output was pegged at 18.43 billion pounds. Revisions lowered the original 50-state March total by 40 million pounds, to 18.873 billion pounds, down 0.6% from March 2018. This year’s spring flush is lagging those of the past. April cow numbers in the 50 states totaled 9.328 million head, down 1,000 from March and 90,000 below a year ago. Output per cow averaged 1,976 pounds, up 21 pounds from a year ago. California was up 2.6% from a year ago, thanks to a 60-pound gain per cow outweighing 7,000 fewer cows. Wisconsin was u

April Milk Production up 0.3 Percent

Milk production in the 23 major States during April totaled 17.4 billion pounds, up 0.3 percent from April 2018. March revised production, at 17.8 billion pounds, was down 0.3 percent from March 2018. The March revision represented a decrease of 40 million pounds or 0.2 percent from last month's preliminary production estimate. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,996 pounds for April, 19 pounds above April 2018. This is the highest production per cow for the month of April since the 23 State series began in 2003. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.71 million head, 55,000 head less than April 2018, and 1,000 head less than March 2019.

USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Farmers Take Advantage of Short Break in Rains, But Corn Planting Only 4

OMAHA (DTN) -- Farmers across the country took advantage of the short period of drier weather last week to make up for lost time in getting seed in the ground. But, as of Sunday, May 19, only about the half of the nation's corn crop and less than a quarter of the soybean crop was planted, according to USDA NASS' weekly Crop Progress report on Monday. An estimated 49% of U.S. corn was planted as of Sunday, a jump of 19 percentage points from 30% the previous week, but still well behind 78% at the same time last year and 31 percentage points behind the five-year average of 80%. That was a slight improvement from last week's report when corn planting was 36 percentage points behind the average

Fluid Milk and Cream - Western U.S. Report 20

California milk yield is steady this week. Milk supplies are in good balance with demand. Manufacturers report that plants are running near capacities, and milk volumes are manageable within the state. Bottled milk demand is steady to down. In Arizona, milk volumes produced are falling to the point where processors are taking a few loads from Midwestern plants to fully meet their needs. There remains extra room available to take on additional milk, so plant managers plan to bring in more out-of-state milk next week. Class II processing is active, though not done every day. Class III sales are unchanged from the previous week, but Class I demand is declining as educational institutions p

This Week's Drought Summary (5/16)

Widespread precipitation this week led mostly to improvements in moderate drought and abnormally dry regions across the Southeast and South, and in the Rocky Mountains in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico. In parts of central and western Washington where high evaporative demand and paltry precipitation amounts continued, conditions degraded to moderate drought. Moderate and severe drought continued in southeast Alaska and in parts of Hawaii, while moderate drought and abnormal dryness coverage was adjusted in Puerto Rico. Northeast Widespread precipitation occurred in the region over the last week, keeping the region free of abnormal dryness or drought. Southeast Moderate to heavy ra

Dairy: Cash prices climb, then slip

Cash dairy prices saw some ups and downs the first full week of May but closed mostly higher. Block cheese climbed to $1.7075 per pound last Tuesday, the highest since March 28, but closed at $1.68, up a half-cent on the week and 4 3/4-cents above a year ago. The barrels hit $1.74 Tuesday, the highest since Nov. 10, 2017, but finished the week at $1.71, up 4 3/4-cents, 9 cents above a year ago, and 3 cents above the blocks. The barrels plunged 7 1/4-cents Monday and lopped off 3 3/4-cents Tuesday, dropping to $1.60. The blocks were down 1 1/4-cents Monday and lost three-quarters Tuesday, dipping to $1.66, 6 cents above the barrels. Cheese demand reports remain mixed in the Central U.S., acco

USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Farmers Fall Further Behind in Race to Plant

OMAHA (DTN) -- U.S. farmers fell further behind in the race to plant corn, soybean and spring wheat last week, according to USDA NASS' weekly Crop Progress report on Monday. As of Sunday, an estimated 30% of the nation's corn was planted, up only 7 percentage points from the previous week, well behind 59% at the same time last year and 36 percentage points behind the five-year average of 66%. That was further behind normal than the previous week when corn planting was 23 percentage points behind the average pace. It's also lowest percentage of corn planted by May 12 since 28% in 2013 and 27% in 1993, noted DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman. Corn emergence was also slow with an estimated 10% of t

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