USDA Weekly Crop Progress - First Crop Progress Report of the Season
OMAHA (DTN) -- Cotton, sorghum and rice planting are slightly ahead of last year's pace, while oats planting is even with last year, according to USDA's first weekly Crop Progress report issued Monday.
For the week ended April 2, 2016, sorghum was 15% planted, compared to 13% last year and a 12% five-year average. Cotton planting was 4% complete, compared to 3% last year and a 4% average. Rice was 17% planted, compared to 15% last year and a 14% average.
Oats were 28% planted as of April 3, compared to 28% last year and a 34% average. Emergence was at 25%, compared to 24% last year and a 29% average.
Fourteen percent of the winter wheat crop was rated poor to very poor, compared to only 7% at this time last year. Fifty-one percent of the crop is rated good to excellent.
"USDA reported 51% of the winter wheat crop was rated good to excellent, resulting in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 126, down 21 points from where USDA left off in November," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "The index is down from 154 a year ago, but above the five-year average of 111. Monday's report is neutral to bullish for winter wheat."
Fieldwork was limited this past week due to considerable moisture received throughout the state. Several counties reported significant moisture during the week, improving fall planted crop and pasture conditions. Reporters noted winter wheat in stressed areas has improved with received moisture. Days suitable for fieldwork was 3.6 days, down from 5.4 days the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 5% very short, 19% short, 72% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 8% very short, 29% short, 62 adequate and 1% surplus. Barley planted is 9%, up from 4% the previous week. Spring wheat planting is 10% up from last week's 3%. Winter wheat jointed is 2% up from 1% the week before. Winter wheat crop condition is 26% very poor to poor, 35% poor, 39% good to excellent.
Much-needed rain was reported throughout the state. There were 1.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 2. Statewide, the average temperature was 48.8 degrees, 1.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.47 inches, 0.51 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 10% short, 72% adequate, and 17% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% very short, 16% short, 73% adequate, and 9% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 28% fair, 54% good, and 11% excellent. Oats planted reached 28%.
Heavy rain showers kept many farmers out of the fields. The less-than-desirable weather conditions were experienced throughout the state. Average temperatures were 50.7 degrees, 3.8 degrees above normal for the state. The amounts of rainfall varied from 0.43 inch to 2.35 inches over the week. There were 2.0 days available for fieldwork for the week ending April 2. Topsoil moisture is 1% very short, 6% short, 63% adequate and 30% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 8% short, 71% adequate, 20% surplus. On average, winter wheat was reported in good-to-excellent conditions with some reports of light damage due to winter conditions. Winter wheat crop condition is 4% very poor to poor, 27% fair and 59% good to excellent.
A rainy week prevented field work across most of Iowa last week. Statewide there were just 0.6 day suitable for fieldwork, with only northeast, central and southeast Iowa reporting 1.0 or more days suitable. Fertilizer, manure, and anhydrous applications were made as conditions allowed. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 6% short, 67% adequate, and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2% very short, 6% short, 72% adequate, and 20% surplus. South-central Iowa reported the highest surplus subsoil moisture level at 38%, although just a week ago, according to USDA's U.S. Drought Monitor, portions of the area were still considered to be in a moderate drought along with much of southeast Iowa. Six percent of oats have been planted, three days behind last year's progress, and almost a week behind the five-year average.
Temperatures averaged near normal for the majority of the state last week. Much-needed rain fell across the entire state. Every county averaged at least 1 inch of precipitation, with most counties averaging 2 to 3 inches. There were 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 8% very short, 18% short, 58% adequate, and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 8% percent very short, 24% short, 63% adequate, and 5% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 15% poor, 37% fair, 40% good, and 3% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 31%, behind 40% last year, but near the five-year average of 30%. Corn planting was underway in southern counties and was 3% complete statewide, near 5% last year and 2% average.
There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week, up from 1.4 days last week. Topsoil moisture is 0% very short, 1% short, 37% adequate and 62% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 0% very short, 1% short, 46% adequate and 53% surplus. Spring showers have kept the ground too waterlogged for planting in most areas. Some farmers managed to accomplish a minute amount of fieldwork. The winter wheat continued to green up, but remained soggy; some fields were top dressed with fertilizer. Oats planting was 1%. Winter wheat crop condition is 11% very poor to poor, 26% fair and 63% good to excellent.
Cool, wet field conditions limited field activities to only 1.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Field activities for the week included spreading manure, applying fertilizer, and rock picking. There were scattered reports of oats and spring wheat planting. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 2% short, 75% adequate, and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 1% short, 77% adequate, and 22% surplus.
Rain throughout the state delayed corn planting this past week. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending April 2. Temperatures averaged 52.7 degrees, 2.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.43 inches statewide, 0.39 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 4% very short, 17% short, 55% adequate and 24% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 7% very short, 26% short, 60% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn planting was 1% complete, 2 percentage points behind the previous year and the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent.
Temperatures averaged near normal across Nebraska last week. Rain at midweek covered many western and southern counties, halting fieldwork. North-central counties recorded only limited precipitation. Producers were waiting for sunshine to dry and warm soils so spring fieldwork could progress. There were 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 19% short, 67% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 25% short, 64% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat condition were rated 47% good to excellent. Oats planted was 28%, ahead of 18% last year and 25% for the five-year average.
Grain producers have started preparing equipment for planting season, according reports. Temperatures were well above average across the state, causing snow melt and flooding in some areas in the north. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork on April 19. There were 1.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 4% short, 67% adequate and 28% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 6% short, 72% adequate and 20% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 79% good to excellent.
There was 1 day suitable for fieldwork in Ohio last week. Soil conditions have been too wet for planting and field work in most areas, but some spring tillage, burndown, anhydrous applications and topdressing of wheat was possible on lighter soils. Soil temperatures are higher than normal due to the mild winter. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 2% short, 54% adequate and 44% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 5% short, 66% adequate and 28% surplus. Oats were 5% planted, slightly behind the average pace of 6%, and only 1% were emerged. Winter wheat condition was rated 80% good to excellent.
Multiple scattered showers and storms last week brought needed drought relief to most of Oklahoma, even though south-central and east-central rainfall totals were an inch below normal. According to the OCS Mesonet, the drought situation significantly improved, with rainfall averaging 2.28 inches statewide. Temperatures were relatively cooler, averaging in the mid-50s. Drought conditions were rated 78% moderate, down 3 points from last week and 36% severe, down 10 points from last week. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 11% very short, 26% short, 58% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 13% very short, 33% short, 52% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat jointing reached 66%, up 6 points from normal. Canola blooming reached 49%, up 21 points from normal. Rye jointing reached 66%, up 6 points from normal. Oats jointing reached 35%, up 12 points from the previous year and up 23 points from normal. Corn planted reached 5% across the state.
Spring fieldwork and small grain seeding began in some parts of the state, with soil moisture conditions rated primarily adequate. Temperatures were average to above average statewide. The week was dry for most eastern locations, while some areas of the southwest received one-half to one inch of rainfall. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 12% short, 83% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 18% short, 79% adequate and 1% surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated 53 good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 6%, near 7% last year and 10% for the five-year average. Oats planted was 2%, near 5% last year and behind 7% average.
East Texas, central Texas, the Edward Plateau and the plains received between 1 and 2 inches of rain, with isolated areas recording upwards of 5 inches of precipitation. Hail and strong winds accompanied the rains. High winds in the Blacklands caused damage to the crops. The weather only allowed for 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 8% very short, 24% short, 53% adequate and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 6% very short, 26% short, 59% adequate and 9% surplus. Corn planted reached 56% by Sunday, ahead of the five-year average of 43%, and 25% percent of corn was emerged compared to the average of 21%. Cotton was 7% planted, on par with the five-year average. Rice was 37% planted and sorghum was 46% planted. Oats were 30% headed. Winter wheat was 33% headed, well ahead of the average pace of 11%. Wheat condition was rated 39% good to excellent.
Fields were highly saturated this past week, with a mix of frost conditions reported. Some reporters noted that overwintered crops were beginning to green up and soils were frost-free, while others reported surface frost or frost several inches deep. Record-breaking high temperatures in February left much of the state free of snow cover. Minimal snow cover continued through March with rainy, above-freezing days leaving fields exposed to occasional cold snaps. Reporters were concerned about damage to winter wheat and hay stands, though it was too early to fully assess winterkill. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 68% adequate and 31% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 70% adequate and 29% surplus. As of April 2, spring tillage was 1% complete