USDA Weekly Crop Progress

April 12, 2017

US Corn Planting Progress Debuts at 3%

 

OMAHA (DTN) -- U.S. corn planting progress debuted at 3% complete in USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday afternoon. That was one percentage point behind last year's pace of 4% and equal to the five-year average pace of 3%.

 

USDA's corn planting estimate should be viewed as neutral for the corn market, according to DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

 

USDA also reported that 9% of U.S. winter wheat was headed as of Sunday, April 9, up from 4% a year ago and also up from the five-year average of 6% headed. The condition of the crop was rated 53% good to excellent.

"USDA's winter wheat condition rating resulted in a DTN's Winter Wheat Condition Index of 131, up 5 points from a week ago," Hultman said. "The index is down from 144 a year ago, but above the five-year average of 107. Monday's report is bearish for winter wheat."

 

Meanwhile, spring wheat planting was reported at 5% complete as of Sunday, down from last year's 12% and also below the five-year average of 11% planted.

 

"This early in the season, the report should be viewed as neutral for spring wheat," Hultman said.

 

In other crop reports, sorghum was 18% planted, compared to 15% last year and a 15% five-year average. Cotton planting was 6% complete, compared to 5% last year and a 6% average. Rice was 31% planted, compared to 30% last year and a 26% average.

 

Oats were 33% planted as of April 9, compared to 37% last year and a 41% average. Emergence was at 26%, compared to 26% last year and a 31% average.

 

Colorado

Precipitation received early in the week limited fieldwork in several localities. Days suitable for fieldwork was 4.6 last week, up from the previous week's 3.6 days. Topsoil moisture is 4% very short, 17% short, 75% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 8% very short, 28% short, 63% adequate and 1% surplus. Barley planted is 11% with the five-year average 23%. Spring wheat planted is 11% with 18% the five-year average. Winter wheat pastured is 14% with the five-year average 8%. Winter wheat jointed is 6% with 10% being the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 23% very poor to poor, 35% fair and 42% good to excellent.

 

Illinois

Continued rain throughout much of the state delayed corn planting difficult in some areas. There was 0.7 day suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 51.7 degrees, 4.3 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.52 inches, 0.81 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 4% short, 70% adequate and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 8% short, 76% adequate and 16% surplus. Corn planted was at 1%, compared to the five-year average of 5%. Winter Wheat headed reached 2%. Winter wheat condition was rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 22% fair, 59% good and 13% excellent. Oats planted reached 36%.

 

Indiana

Cold and wet weather continued to delay fieldwork. It snowed and temperatures dropped below freezing. Heavy rains and strong winds saturated already damp cool soil. Average temperatures were 50.7 degrees, 4.0 degrees above normal for the state. The amounts of rainfall varied from 0.26 inch to 2.37 inches over the week. There were 1.7 days available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture is 1% very short, 4% short, 60% adequate and 35% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 5% short, 70% adequate and 24% surplus. Corn planted is 0% with the five-year average at 2%. Winter wheat crop condition is 4% very poor to poor, fair is 26% and 70% good to excellent.

 

Iowa

Rain prevented field work early last week, but by the weekend, many Iowa producers were able to get into their fields. Statewide, there were 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Field work activities included anhydrous, fertilizer, and manure applications, and some CRP burning as part of mid-contract management. Where conditions allowed, field cultivation also took place. Farmers also prepared equipment for planting as they waited for the soil to warm up and dry out. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 3% short, 72% adequate, and 24% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 5% short, 75% adequate, and 19% surplus. Seventeen percent of the state's expected oat crop has been planted, just over one week behind the five-year average. Oats emerged reached 4%, three days behind average.

 

Kansas

Temperatures averaged a few degrees above normal across most of the state last week. Rain continued to fall across the majority of counties, with many averaging 1 inch or more. Controlled burning of native pastures was underway in some areas. There were 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 14% short, 66% adequate and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 20% short, 70% adequate and 4% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 4% very poor, 13% poor, 35% fair, 43% good and 5% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 43%, behind 57% last year, but near the five-year average of 44%. Headed was 1%, near 0% last year and 2% average. Corn planting was underway in southern counties and was 4% complete statewide, behind 15% last year, and near 8% average.

 

Michigan

There was 0.9 day suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. Continued heavy precipitation left standing water in many fields and severely limited fieldwork. Some farmers did manage to apply dry fertilizer and spread manure on well drained fields. Topsoil moisture is 0% very short, 0% short, 32% adequate and 68% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 0% very short, 1% short, 38% adequate and 61% surplus. Winter wheat jointing is 1%. Winter wheat crop condition 12% poor to very poor, 26% fair and 62% good to excellent. Oats planted is 2% this week with the five-year at 12%.

 

Minnesota

Warmer and drier-than-normal conditions improved days suitable for fieldwork to 2.7 days last week. Field activities for the week included fertilizer application, manure hauling, and tilling fields. Planting activities were limited to lighter soils. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 3% short, 79% adequate and 17% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 2% short, 81% adequate and 17% surplus. Seven percent of Minnesota's oat acreage was planted, five days behind the five-year average, but the same as last year. There were scattered reports of spring wheat and barley planting in the southern two-thirds of the state.

Missouri

Rain continued to delay planting of corn throughout the region. There were 1.4 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Temperatures averaged 54.2 degrees, 3.5 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.56 inches statewide, 0.89 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 11% short, 64% adequate and 21% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 18% short, 65% adequate and 11% surplus. Corn planting was 5% complete, 16 percentage points behind the previous year and 7 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 62% good to excellent.

 

Nebraska

The weather warmed later in the week last week with temperatures averaging 4 degrees above normal. Rainfall was limited in most areas except for portions of north-central, northeast and extreme southeast Nebraska where totals of an inch or more were recorded. Fieldwork was limited to spring tillage and fertilizer application, as producers waited for soils to warm. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 21% short, 70% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Oats planted was 37%, behind 44% for the five-year average, and oats emerged was 6%, near 7% average.

 

North Dakota

Temperatures averaged 4 to 8 degrees above normal last week. The warm weather melted much of the remaining snow across North Dakota and warmed soils at the same time. Some northern areas, where large amounts of snow were received this winter, were experiencing some flooding. Producers continued to prepare machinery for planting spring crops. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork on April 20. There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 4% short, 70% adequate and 25% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 6% short, 74% adequate and 18% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 78% good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 2%, near 4% last year and 5% for the five-year average.

 

Ohio

There was 0.8 day suitable for fieldwork in Ohio last week. A very wet week kept producers out of the fields. There was a lot of rain in the beginning of the week, followed by some snow on Thursday. The week ended with a warm weekend, which helped dry some fields. Wheat remained in good condition, despite ponding and delays in top dressing. Winter wheat condition was rated 82% good to excellent. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 1% short, 46% adequate and 53% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% short, 60% adequate and 38% surplus. Oats were 10% planted, behind the average of 14%, and 5% of the crop was emerged, slightly ahead of the five-year average of 3%.

 

Oklahoma

Although spring storms brought some rainfall to the southeastern and east-central districts, drought conditions continued to advance across the state last week. According to the OCS Mesonet, the biggest drought increase was experienced across eastern and northwest Oklahoma. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the mid-60s. Drought conditions were rated 81% moderate, up 7 points from last week and 46% severe, up 5 points from last week. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 8% very short, 22% short, 66% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 11% very short, 29% short, 58% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat jointing reached 84%, up 2 percentage points from normal, and headed reached 8%, down 2 points from normal. Canola blooming reached 60%, up 15 points from normal. Rye jointing reached 84%, up 12 points from normal, and rye headed reached 16%. Oats jointing reached 54%, up 28 points from the previous year and up 31 points from normal. Sorghum planted reached 7%, up 4 points from the previous year and up 5 points from normal.

 

South Dakota

Small grain seeding progressed across the state this past week, aided by above-average temperatures. Cool weather and scattered showers early in the week gave way to warmer weather by week's end. Saturday's highs climbed into the 70s for most of the state with parts of the southeast reaching the low 80s. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 16% short, 79% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 19% short, 78% adequate and 1% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 52% good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 23%, near 26% last year and 25% for the five-year average. Emerged was 3%, near 6% average. Oats planted was 17%, behind 26% average, and emerged was 2%, behind 5% average. Barley planted was 4%, behind 10% average.

 

Texas

Mostly warm and windy conditions were experienced across the state last week. Precipitation in the Northern Plains and the Cross Timbers fluctuated between a quarter of an inch and 1.5 inches. The Blacklands, northeast and southeast Texas received between 1.0 inch and 2.5 inches of rainfall. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 8% very short, 25% short, 57% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 26% short, 63% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn planting 59% complete as of Sunday, ahead of the five-year average of 50%. Corn emerged was 32%, equal to the five-year average. Rootless corn syndrome was reported in a few fields in the Upper Coast. Cotton was 10% planted, near the average of 9%. Rice was 53% planted and 34% emerged. Sorghum was 53% planted, ahead of the average pace 41%. Winter wheat was 40% headed, well ahead of the five-year average of 20%. Winter wheat condition was rated 41% good to excellent. Oats were 35% headed compared to 30% for the average.

 

Wisconsin

Despite a warm, breezy weekend, reporters commented that spring tillage has not yet begun in earnest. Farmers in much of the state were still waiting for muddy grounds to firm. Southern Wisconsin experienced heavy rains midweek, keeping farmers out of fields. There were scattered reports of oats, alfalfa and spring wheat being planted on light soils. Manure and fertilizer applications were going strong as field conditions allowed. Winter wheat and hay stands were reportedly greening up in some areas. Farmers remained concerned about overwintered crops, but it was still too early for a full assessment of winterkill. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 69% adequate and 30% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 72% adequate and 27% surplus. As of April 9, spring tillage was 2% complete statewide, equal to last year, but 3 percentage points below the five-year average. Oats planting was reported as 4% complete, slightly ahead of last year, but 3 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat was 59% in good-to-excellent condition statewide, up 5 percentage points from the previous week.

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