USDA Weekly Crop Progress - First US Corn Condition Rating of Year Matches Lowest Reading in Four Y

OMAHA (DTN) -- USDA's first corn condition rating of the year was down from last year and matched the lowest reading in four years, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Tuesday afternoon.

USDA estimated 65% of the corn crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition, down from 72% at the same time last year. The ratings resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 158. The index is down from 175 a year ago and matches the lowest reading in four years, said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

The report estimated that 91% of U.S. corn was planted as of Sunday, May 28, down from 93% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 93%. Seventy-three percent of U.S. corn was emerged, down from 75% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 75% emerged.

"Tuesday's report is slightly bullish for corn," Hultman said.

Any corn planting now is encroaching quickly on crop insurance deadlines. Final planting dates for maximum insurance coverage have already passed in Nebraska and Kansas.

Wednesday, May 31, is the final planting date for corn for grain in Iowa, as well as most of Minnesota and Wisconsin's corn production.

The final planting date for corn for the vast majority of Illinois is June 5, as well as all of Indiana and Ohio.

Once the final planting date has passed, insurance coverage declines 1% per day. The end of the late planting period is 25 days after the final planting date.

Final planting dates for soybeans start to hit Minnesota and most of Wisconsin on June 10.

USDA said 67% of U.S. soybeans were planted as of Sunday, down from 71% a year ago and slightly below the five-year average of 68%. USDA also said 37% of U.S. soybeans were emerged, down from 42% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 40%.

"With time still available for planting, Tuesday's report is neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.

Meanwhile, USDA reported 80% of winter wheat was headed, down from 83% a year ago, but up from the five-year average of 77% headed.

Winter wheat condition dropped slightly last week with 50% of the crop rated in good-to-excellent condition, down from 52% the previous week. This resulted in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 125, down 1 point from the previous week. DTN's index is down from 158 a year ago, but above the five-year average of 88. "Tuesday's crop ratings are neutral for winter wheat," Hultman said.

U.S. spring wheat planting reached 96% complete as of Sunday, down from last year's 98%, but above the five-year average of 91% planted. Seventy-nine percent of spring wheat was emerged, down from 87% a year ago, but up from the five-year average of 74%. Sixty-two percent of spring wheat was rated in good-to-excellent condition, resulting in a DTN Spring Wheat Condition Index of 158. The index is down from 184 a year ago and also below the five-year average of 171. "Tuesday's report is slightly bullish for spring wheat," Hultman said.

In other crop reports, cotton was 63% planted, compared to 57% last year and 64% average. Cotton squaring was 7% compared to the average of 4%. Rice was 97% planted and 84% emerged, compared to 97% and 86% last year and 96% and 86% on average.

Sorghum was 44% planted, behind the five-year average of 49%. Barley was 94% planted and 76% emerged, compared to 93% and 77% on average. Oats were 91% emerged and 29% headed, compared to 89% and 32% on average.

Colorado

Northern Colorado experienced mixed weather in the form of isolated hail and heavy rains that halted fieldwork while southern Colorado experienced milder weather ideal for planting last week. Some crop damage from the hail was reported in northeastern Colorado affecting corn, wheat, alfalfa and sugar beets. Days suitable for fieldwork was at 4.6 days last week, up from 3.4 days seen the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 2% short, 85% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 6% short, 88% adequate and 5% surplus. Barley planted was 96%. Barley emerged was 86% with 93% the five year average. Barley crop condition is 19% poor and 81% good to excellent. Corn planted was 89% with 91% being the five-year average. Corn emerged is 62% and 64% is the five-year average. Corn crop condition is 3% very poor to poor, 25% fair and 72% good to excellent. Sorghum planted is 18% with 25% the five-year average. Spring wheat planted is 87% with 93% the five-year average. Spring wheat emerged is 75% also the five-year average. Spring wheat crop condition is 1% very poor to poor, 6% fair, 93% good to excellent. Winter wheat is 98% jointed with 94% the five year average. Winter wheat headed is 70% and 61% is the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 16% very poor to poor, 34% fair and 50% good to excellent.

Illinois

Producers continued planting corn and soybeans this week. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 63.0 degrees, 2.2 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.74 inch, 0.34 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% short, 74% adequate and 25% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% short, 78% adequate and 21% surplus. Corn planted was at 93%, compared to the five-year average of 96%. Corn emerged was at 80%, compared to 86% last year. Corn condition was rated at 3% very poor, 12% poor, 33% fair, 44% good and 8% excellent. Soybeans planted was at 62%, compared to the five-year average of 71%. Soybeans emerged was at 38%. Winter wheat headed reached 98%. Winter wheat condition was rated 5% very poor, 13% poor, 31% fair, 42% good and 9% excellent.

Indiana

Periods of heavy rainfall throughout the week kept many farmers from replanting their fields. Some rain storms were accompanied by strong winds and, in some cases, hail across the state. The statewide average temperature was 63.4 degrees, 1.1 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.41 inches, above average by 0.27 inch. There were 2.0 days available for fieldwork last week, down 2.0 days from the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 1% short, 45% adequate and 54% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% short, 51% adequate and 48% surplus. Corn planted is 81% with 90% the five-year average. Corn emerged is 60% with 73% the five-year average. Corn crop condition is 17% very poor to poor, 40% fair and 42% good to excellent. Soybeans planted is 54% with 71% the five-year average. Soybeans emerged is 32% with 44% the five-year average. Winter wheat headed is 90% with 89% the five-year average. Winter wheat mature is 5%. Winter wheat crop condition is 6% very poor to poor, 19% fair and 75% good to excellent.

Iowa

Wet conditions kept farmers from finishing up planting last week. Statewide, there were only 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork. There were scattered reports of corn turning yellow, and replanting of crops in areas with standing water. Topsoil moisture levels rated 77% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 78% adequate and 22% surplus. Nearly all of Iowa's corn crop has been planted with only south-central Iowa having over 10% of the crop remaining to be planted. Corn emerged reached 82%, three days behind last year but one day ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-three percent of the corn crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition. Soybean planting reached 77% complete, five days behind last year. South-central Iowa lags behind with 43% of the crop yet to be planted. Soybean emergence reached 39%, three days behind last year and one day behind average. Oats headed reached 10%, one week behind last year and three days behind average. Oat condition decreased to 74% good to excellent.

Kansas

Temperatures were 2 to 6 degrees below normal across the state last week. The southern half of the state was mostly dry, while areas in the north received up to 2 inches of rain. Hail in northwestern Kansas damaged some wheat and recently planted spring crops. There were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2% short, 80% adequate and 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 3% short, 87% adequate and 10% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 9% very poor, 16% poor, 30% fair, 38% good and 7% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 97%, near 98% last year and the five-year average of 93%. Coloring was 39%, near 37% last year, but ahead of 34% average. Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 35% fair, 52% good and 3% excellent. Corn planted was 82%, behind 94% last year and 93% average. Emerged was 64%, behind 73% last year and 74% average. Soybeans planted was 41%, ahead of 25% last year, but behind 46% average. Emerged was 24%, ahead of 14% last year, but near 25% average. Sorghum planted was 11%, near 13% last year and behind 23% average. Cotton planted was 32%, ahead of 9% last year, but near 36% average.

Michigan

There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. As cool temperatures and scattered showers continued to plague operators across the state, many growers took advantage of fleeting breaks in rainfall to progress the planting of spring crops. Topsoil moisture is 2% short, 68% adequate and 30% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 2% short, 67% adequate and 31% surplus. Corn planted is 82% with the five-year average being 86%. Corn emerged is 43% with 59% being the five-year average. Corn crop condition is 3% very poor to poor, 22% fair and 75% good to excellent. Soybeans planted is 56% with 68% the five-year average. Soybeans emerged is 20% with 37% the five-year average. Winter wheat jointing is 84%. Winter wheat headed is 27% with 33% the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 9% very poor to poor, 20% fair and 71% good to excellent. Oats planted is 81% with 93% the five-year average. Oats emerged is 57% with 80% the five-year average. Oats crop condition is 1% very poor to poor, 28% fair and 66% good to excellent.

Minnesota

Cool and cloudy conditions across much of Minnesota prevented fields from drying out much last week, which limited farmers to 2.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Farmers are looking for sunshine and warmer days to aid crop development and complete planting. Field activities for the week included planting, applying herbicides, and harvesting the first crop of alfalfa hay. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 76% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 79% adequate and 20% surplus. Corn planting in Minnesota is nearing completion, with 96% of the acreage planted. Eighty-one percent of the corn crop had emerged, five days behind last year, but three days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 68% good to excellent, down 14 percentage points from the previous week. Soybean planting was 81% complete, eight days behind last year, but three days ahead of average. Thirty-nine percent of the soybean acreage had emerged, five days behind last year. Small grain planting was wrapping up throughout the state. Spring wheat was 97% emerged, with 16% at or beyond the jointing stage. Spring wheat condition rated 96% good to excellent. Oats were 87% emerged, with 50% of the oat acreage at or beyond the jointing state. Oat condition rated 76% good to excellent. The barley crop was 88% emerged and 19% jointing, with condition rated 93% good to excellent.

Missouri

Cooler weather and average precipitation were prevalent across the state last week. Temperatures averaged 63.4 degrees, 3.4 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.36 inches statewide, just 0.25 inch above normal. There were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 1% short, 73% adequate and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 2% short, 76% adequate and 22% surplus. Corn planting was 97% complete, 2 percentage points behind the previous year but 4 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn emerged progressed to 89%. Corn condition was rated 53% good to excellent. Soybean planting was 54% complete. Soybean emerged progressed to 34%, up 14 percentage points from last week. Cotton planting was 85% complete. Rice planting progressed to 94% complete. Rice emerged progressed to 83%. Rice condition was 65% good to excellent. Sorghum planting was 49% complete. Winter wheat condition was rated 59% good to excellent.

Nebraska

Cool and mostly dry conditions prevailed across the state last week. Average temperatures ranged from 3 to 9 degrees below normal. Some areas of the panhandle and southeast Nebraska received up to an inch of rain; however, much of the state remained dry. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% short, 85% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 86% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn planted was 95%, equal to last year and near 97% for the five-year average. Corn emerged was 76%, near 80% average. Corn condition was rated 76% good to excellent. Soybeans planted was 76%, near 79% average, and emerged was 35%, behind 44% average. Winter wheat headed was 86%, well ahead of 55% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 47% good to excellent. Sorghum planted was 50%, behind 58% average, and emerged was 17%. Oats jointed was 76%, well ahead of 55% last year, and headed was 31%, ahead of 20% both last year and average.

North Dakota

Cool and dry conditions prevailed over much of the state last week. Temperatures in northwest North Dakota averaged 2 to 4 degrees above normal, with some locations reporting half an inch of moisture. Across the rest of the state, temperatures averaged 2 to 6 degrees below normal, and most areas received little to no rain. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 10% very short, 26% short, 58% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 19% short, 70% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn planted was 94%, ahead of 86% for the five-year average, and emerged was 66%, ahead of 54% average. Corn condition was rated 66% good to excellent. Soybeans planted was 83%, ahead of 67% average, and emerged was 26%, near 29% average. Winter wheat jointed was 76%, equal to last year, and headed was 9%, near 5% last year. Winter wheat condition was rated 69% good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 96%, emerged was 77% and jointed was 16%, near 14% last year. Spring wheat condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Barley planted was 96%, emerged was 80% and jointed was 11%, near 13% last year. Oats planted was 94%, emerged was 76%, jointed was 24% and headed was 2%. Durum wheat planted was 92%, emerged was 57% and jointed was 12%. Canola planted was 88%, ahead of 77% average, and emerged was 51%, near 52% average.

Ohio

Frequent rains bringing varied totals across the state kept many operators from plating and, in some cases, replanting corn and soybeans, last week. There were 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 46% adequate and 54% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 50% adequate and 50% surplus. Corn was 82% planted, behind the average pace of 88%, and 62% was emerged, also behind the average of 64%. Corn condition was rated 49% good to excellent. Soybeans were 54% planted, well behind the average pace of 71%. Soybeans emerged were 35%, also behind the average of 38%. Winter wheat was 94% headed, well ahead of the average pace of 71%. Winter wheat condition was rated 79% good to excellent. Oats were 92% emerged, 12% headed and were rated 57% in good-to-excellent condition.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma experienced warm temperatures last week with all districts receiving above-normal precipitation with the exception of the southeast district. According to the OCS Mesonet, Oklahoma entered the summer season free of drought for the third summer in a row. Less than 3% of the state was classified as abnormally dry, primarily in southeast Oklahoma. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the low 80s. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 6% short, 87% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 11% short, 84% adequate and 4% surplus. Winter wheat harvested reached 3%, down 7 points from normal. Canola harvested reached 5%. Rye harvested reached 4%. Oats harvested reached 3%. Winter wheat and oats condition was rated mostly good to fair for the state. Corn emerged reached 79%, up 1 point from normal. Sorghum planted reached 42%, down 2 points from normal. Soybeans planted reached 30%, down 9 points from normal. Soybeans emerged reached 16%, down 4 points from normal. Cotton planted reached 40%, up 1 point from the previous year and up 1 point from normal.

South Dakota

Below-normal temperatures continued for many parts of the state last week. Patchy frost was reported in central counties as overnight temperatures fell below freezing Wednesday morning. More seasonable temperatures returned by the end of the week. Soil moisture condition ratings declined, as mostly dry weather persisted across the northern tier of South Dakota. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 24% short, 56% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 12% very short, 27% short, 58% adequate and 3% surplus. Winter wheat jointed was 90%, near 89% last year, and headed was 32%, equal to the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 50 good to excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 32%, behind 38% last year. Spring wheat condition was rated 39 good to excellent. Oats jointed was 42%, near 43% last year, and headed was 3%, near 5% for both last year and average. Barley emerged was 96%, well ahead of 76% average. Corn planted was 95%, near 91% last year and 94% average. Corn emerged was 74%, ahead of 63% last year and 68% average. Corn condition was rated 67% good to excellent. Soybeans planted was 72%, near 70% average, and emerged was 30%, near 34% average. Sorghum planted was 29%, behind 41% average, and emerged was 7%.

Texas

Many areas of the state experienced strong thunderstorms, with reports of damaging hail and high winds. East Texas, the Upper Coast, south and central Texas, the Coastal Bend and the Lower Valley received 0.5 to 3.0 inches of rain, with isolated areas reporting upwards of 5.0 inches of precipitation during the week. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 10% very short, 33% short, 50% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 9% very short, 27% short, 59% adequate and 5% surplus. Corn was 96% planted, ahead of the average of 92%. Eighty-six percent of corn was emerged, ahead of the average of 82%, and 30% was silked, near the average of 29%. Corn condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Cotton was 52% planted and 11% squaring. Rice was 90% planted and 86% emerged. Sorghum was 38% headed, ahead of the average of 31%. Soybeans were 89% planted, ahead of the average pace 79%, and 77% of soybeans were emerged, well ahead of the average of 66%. Winter wheat was 22% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the five-year average of 15%. Oats were 47% harvested, well ahead of the average of 29%.

Wisconsin

Wet soils and frequent showers continued to slow spring tillage across the state last week. There were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 63% adequate and 37% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 67% adequate and 33% surplus. Corn planting was 77% complete, 12 days behind last year and five days behind the average. Corn emerged was at 47%, five days behind last year and three days behind the average. Corn condition was 61% good to excellent. Forty-five percent of the state's expected soybean acres have been planted, 10 days behind last year and six days behind the average. Twelve percent of the state's planted soybeans have emerged, seven days behind last year and five days behind the average. Oats planting was reported as 92% complete, 12 days behind last year and three days behind the average. Oats emerged was at 81%, six days behind last year and even with average emergence. Oats condition was 71% good to excellent. Winter wheat was 14% headed, three days behind last year. Reports of winter wheat heading were quite variable from county to county. Winter wheat was 73% in good-to-excellent condition statewide.

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