USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Soy, Spring Wheat Conditions Continue to Decline; Corn Condition Rises Slightly

July 6, 2017

OMAHA (DTN) -- Soybean and spring wheat conditions continued to decline last week, while corn conditions rose slightly from the previous week, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Wednesday. The report was delayed due to the Independence Day holiday on Tuesday.

Spring wheat's good-to-excellent condition rating dropped another 3 percentage points last week to 37% from the previous week's rating of 40% good to excellent. That resulted in a DTN Spring Wheat Condition Index of 65, down 16 points from the previous week ago. "The index is down from 169 a year ago and is still the lowest since 1988," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "Wednesday's report remains bullish for spring wheat."

 

The U.S. soybean crop also saw conditions decline from 66% good to excellent the previous week to 64% last week. That resulted in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 154, which is down 4 points from the previous week. "The index is down from 167 a year ago and matches the lowest value of the past four years. Wednesday's report is neutral to bullish for soybeans," Hultman said.

Meanwhile, corn conditions improved just slightly from 67% good to excellent the previous week to 68% good to excellent last week. That resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 163, up 2 points from the previous week. "DTN's index is down from 180 a year ago and is still the lowest value in four years. Wednesday's report is neutral for corn," Hultman said.

 

USDA also reported Wednesday that 53% of winter wheat had been harvested as of Sunday, July 2, down from 56% a year ago and slightly below the five-year average of 54%. Forty-eight of the winter wheat crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition, resulting in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 118, down 4 points from a week ago. "DTN's index is down from 156 a year ago, but above the four-year average of 76. Wednesday's harvest progress and new crop rating is neutral to bullish for winter wheat," Hultman said.

 

In other crop reports, cotton squaring was 45% as of Sunday, July 2, near the average of 44%, and cotton setting bolls was 13%, ahead of the average of 10%. Rice was 14% headed, slightly behind the five-year average of 16%.

 

Sorghum headed was 25%, near the average pace of 24%. Barley headed was 51%, behind the average pace of 57%. Oats were 85% headed, near the average pace of 84%.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states.

 

Colorado

Despite the scattered thunderstorms experienced across the state, fieldwork including wheat harvest progressed last week. Isolated hail damage midweek was reported in eastern counties. Days suitable for fieldwork is 6.7 days, the same as seen the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 4% very short, 24% short, 71% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 21% short, 77 adequate and 1% surplus. Barley headed is 82% with 68% the five-year average. Barley turning color is 2% with 9% the five-year average. Barley crop condition is 22% fair and 69% good to excellent. Corn crop condition is 9% poor, 17% fair and 74% good to excellent. Sorghum emerged is 90% with 80% the five-year average. Sorghum crop condition is 6% very poor to poor, 23% fair and 71% good to excellent. Spring wheat headed is 65% with 64% the five-year average. Spring wheat crop condition is 2% poor, 15% fair and 83% good to excellent. Winter wheat turning color is 95% with 92% the five-year average. Winter wheat mature is 65% with 53% the five-year average. Winter wheat harvest is 13% with 25% the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 21% very poor to poor, 37% fair and 42% good to excellent.

 

Illinois

Field work continued over the past week with rains in some parts of the state. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 70.6 degrees, 3.8 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.68 inch, 0.30 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 3% very short, 25% short, 69% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% very short, 18% short, 77% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn silking reached 12%, compared to 21% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 52% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 15%, compared with 16% last year. Soybean condition was rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 22% fair, 59% good, and 11% excellent. Winter wheat harvest was 90% complete, compared to the five-year average of 72%.

 

Indiana

Scattered storms swept across the state bringing additional relief to drought stressed crops, but localized heavy downpours led to ponding in several fields. Rain events throughout the week were highly variable, leaving some areas saturated while others remained mostly dry. Cooler-than-average temperatures helped to alleviate heat stress on crops. The statewide average temperature was 70.1 degrees, 3.2 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.29 inches, above average by 0.20 inch. There were 4.3 days available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture is 9% very short to short, 68% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 9% very short to short, 73% adequate and 18% surplus. Corn silking is 8% with the five-year average 11%. Corn crop condition is 17% very poor to poor, 36% fair and 47% good to excellent. Soybeans emerging is 97% also the five-year average. Soybeans blooming is 14% with 16% the five-year average. Soybeans crop condition is 13% very poor to poor, 36% fair and 51% good to excellent. Winter wheat mature is 93% and winter wheat harvested is 56% with 50% the five-year average. Winter wheat crop condition is 7%, 22% fair and 71% good to excellent.

 

Iowa

Iowa experienced scattered tornadoes, hail and isolated precipitation but reporters expressed need for more rain across much of the state last week. Statewide, there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included herbicide application, cultivating and haying. Topsoil moisture levels rated 6% very short, 21% short, 68% adequate and 5% surplus. Southeast Iowa's topsoil moisture levels fell for the sixth consecutive week with 82% now rated short to very short. Most of southeast Iowa was categorized as abnormally dry by the United States Drought Monitor released June 27. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4% very short, 15% short, 77% adequate and 4% surplus. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition. Soybean emergence is nearly complete. Soybean blooming reached 12% complete, three days behind last year and two days behind average. Soybean condition rated 72% good to excellent. Oats headed reached 94% this week, one day ahead of the five-year average. Oats coloring reached 27%, five days behind last year and three days behind average. Oat condition rated 74% good to excellent.

 

Kansas

Below-normal temperatures and wet conditions benefited spring planted crops. Rainfall of one inch or more was measured in most counties, with only the extreme southwestern counties receiving little to no rain. Hay harvest progressed across the entire state. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2% very short, 16% short, 77% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 1% very short, 11% short, 84% adequate and 4% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 8% very poor, 14% poor, 31% fair, 40% good and 7% excellent. Winter wheat mature was 96%. Harvested was 73%, near 76% last year and 72% for the five-year average. Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 30% fair, 52% good and 11% excellent. Corn silking was 19%, behind 32% last year and 26% average. Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 29% fair, 61% good and 6% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 95%, near 91% last year, and ahead of 90% average. Blooming was 12%, ahead of 7% last year, and near 8% average. Sorghum condition rated 3% poor, 26% fair, 67% good and 4% excellent. Sorghum planted was 97%, equal to last year, and near 96% average. Emerged was 87%. Headed was 3%, behind 10% last year, but equal to average. Cotton condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 15% fair, 71% good and 10% excellent. Cotton planted was 98%, ahead of 88% last year, and near 94% average. Squaring was 9%, behind 18% last year and 19% average. Emerged was 83%, ahead of 75% both last year and average.

 

Michigan

There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan. Many areas in central and northern Michigan remained too wet for fieldwork. Some areas in southern Michigan received heavily needed rain while persistent wet conditions in other areas made it difficult for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture is 2% very short, 15% short, 59% adequate and 24% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 1% very short, 14% short, 62% adequate and 23% surplus. Corn crop condition is 6% very poor to poor, 26% fair and 68% good to excellent. Soybeans emerged is 94% with the five-year average 100%. Soybeans blooming is 13% with the 10% the five-year average. Soybeans crop condition is 6% very poor to poor, 28% fair and 66% good to excellent. Winter wheat headed is 94% and winter wheat mature is 38%. Winter wheat crop condition is 8% very poor to poor, 20% fair and 72% good to excellent. Oats emerged is 96% and oats headed is 62%. Oats crop condition is 7% very poor to poor, 31% fair and 62% good to excellent.

 

Minnesota

Despite the overall unseasonably cool, damp weather throughout Minnesota, there were 4.8 days suitable for field work last. Other field activities included spraying herbicides and cutting hay. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 8% short, 87% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% short, 88% adequate and 6% surplus. Corn condition improved slightly from the previous week with a rating of 80% good to excellent. However, soybean crop condition declined slightly to a rating of 72% good to excellent. Nine percent of soybeans were at or beyond the blooming stage this week. Most Minnesota small grains were at or beyond the jointing stage by this week. Spring wheat crop was 98% jointed or beyond with 72% headed. Spring wheat crop condition rated 86% good to excellent. Ninety-six percent of the oat crop was jointing with 79% headed, and 6% of oats coloring. Oats condition was 83% good to excellent. Ninety-six percent of the barley crop was jointing with 69% of the crop headed, and scattered reports of coloring. Barley condition rated 85% good to excellent.

 

Missouri

Temperatures averaged 72.3 degrees across the state last week, 3.5 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.70 inches statewide, 0.83 inch above normal. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 2% very short, 10% short, 78% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 2% very short, 9% short, 82% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn silking progressed to 25%, up 19 points from last week. Corn condition was rated 67% good to excellent. Soybeans emerged progressed to 94% and soybean blooming is at 12%. Soybean condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Cotton squaring reached 55%. Cotton condition was rated 49% good to excellent. Rice condition was rated 69% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvesting continued last week, nearing completion with 91% harvested, 16 percentage points ahead of the five-year average.

 

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged 2 to 6 degrees below normal last week. Moderate rainfall was recorded across a majority of counties. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 16% very short, 35% short, 48% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 36% short and 56% adequate. Corn silking was 8%, near 9% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 28%, ahead of 19% average. Soybean condition was rated 70% good to excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 99%, mature was 60%, and harvested was 17%, behind the average of 22% harvested. Sorghum headed was 4%, near zero for the average. Sorghum condition was rated 68% good to excellent. Oats coloring was 72%, mature was 15% and harvested was 2%, behind the average of 13%. Oats condition was rated 57% good to excellent.

 

North Dakota

Dry conditions persisted over much of the state last week, especially in the western and southern parts. Much-needed moisture was received in central and eastern North Dakota, with rainfall amounts ranging from 1 to 2 inches. There were some reports of producers in the western part of the state baling wheat because of drought conditions. Temperatures for the week averaged 2 to 8 degrees below normal. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 24% very short, 30% short, 44% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 17% very short, 28% short, 52% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn silking was 2%, near 5% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 55% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 8%, behind 16% average. Soybean condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Winter wheat headed was 88%, coloring was 23% and mature was 18%. Winter wheat condition was rated 35% good to excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 94%, headed was 57%, and coloring was 4%. Spring wheat condition was rated 41% good to excellent. Barley jointed was 94%, headed was 57% and coloring was 3%. Barley condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Oats jointed was 93%, headed was 63% and coloring was 8%. Oats condition was rated 23% good to excellent.

 

Ohio

Dry conditions at the beginning of the week gave way to significant rainfall by the week's end. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Sunny weather and cooler temperatures early in the week were ideal for field work, allowing winter wheat harvest to progress rapidly and remain ahead of the five-year average. Heavy rains on Thursday and Friday saturated fields and stalled harvest progress for wheat, oat and hay producers, especially in northern and western counties. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 8% short, 72% adequate and 20% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7% short, 75% adequate and 18% surplus. Corn silking was 3%, near the five-year average of 4%. Corn condition was rated 56% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming were 9%, near the average of 10%. Soybean conditions were rated 58% good to excellent. Winter wheat was 39% harvested, ahead of the average pace of 28%. Oats were 90% headed and 2% harvested as of Sunday, July 2.

 

Oklahoma

Precipitation levels in most areas of the state were above normal averages, with the exception of the south-central district. According to the OCS Mesonet, the state was fairly dry throughout the month of June, though many areas received significant amounts of rainfall in the past week. Drought condition was rated 12% moderate to exceptional, up 9 points from the previous week. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the high 70s. Topsoil moisture was rated 5% very short, 41% short, 49% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 3% very short, 38% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat harvested reached 95%, up 3 points from normal. Canola harvested reached 91%, down 5 points from normal. Rye harvested reached 94%, up 17 points from the previous year and up 14 points from normal. Oats headed reached 95%, unchanged from normal. Oats harvested reached 71%, up 2 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal. Corn silk reached 34%, down 5 points from normal. Corn condition was rated 76% good to excellent. Sorghum headed reached 10%, up 2 points from normal. Soybeans planted reached 89%, up 5 points from normal; soybeans emerged reached 80%, up 6 points from normal; and soybeans blooming reached 1%, down 2 points from normal. Soybean conditions were rated 73% good to excellent. Cotton squaring reached 40%, up 17 points from normal.

 

South Dakota

Mostly dry conditions continued to lower soil moisture ratings and stressed crops in much of the state last week. Scattered showers and thunderstorms moved across the southeast and west early in the week. Rainfall amounts were light, with the driest parts of the state receiving no rainfall. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 32% very short, 36% short, 30% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 35% short, 36% adequate and 1% surplus. Winter wheat coloring was 80%, mature was 22% and harvested was 7%, ahead of the average pace of 4% harvested. Winter wheat condition was rated 12% good to excellent. Spring wheat headed was 92%, ahead of 79% average, and coloring was 35%. Spring wheat condition was rated 11% good to excellent. Oats headed was 92%, coloring was 48% and mature was 4%. Oats condition was rated 28% good to excellent. Barley headed was 91%, well ahead of 70% average, and coloring was 36%, well ahead of 5% last year. Corn condition was rated 42% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 15%, near 18% average. Soybean condition was rated 36% good to excellent. Sorghum emerged was 90%, near 86% average. Sorghum condition was rated 11% good to excellent.

 

Texas

Widespread rainstorms last week helped keep temperatures slightly cooler than the previous week. The High Plains, central Texas and areas of east Texas received between 0.5 inch and 2 inches of rainfall, with a few scattered areas up to 5 inches. Isolated areas of the Coastal Bend and the Upper Coast reported over 4 inches of rain, while some areas of southeast Texas received upwards of 6 inches. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 9% very short, 30% short, 54% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7% very short, 33% short, 53% adequate and 7% surplus. The state's corn crop was 63% silked, 48% in the dough stage and 35% dented, ahead of the average pace of 29% dented. Corn condition was rated 70% good to excellent. Cotton was 35% squaring and 15% setting bolls, ahead of the average of 9% setting bolls. Rice was 56% headed, well ahead of the average of 35% headed. Sorghum was 68% headed, 47% coloring, 27% mature and 12% harvested, ahead of the average of 8% harvested. Soybeans were 53% blooming, ahead of the average of 45%. Soybean conditions were rated 64% good to excellent. Winter wheat was 93% harvested, ahead of the average of 85%. Oats were 95% harvested, equal to the average pace.

 

Wisconsin

It was another week of frequent rains in Wisconsin, with reporters noting several inches in some areas. Temperatures were below normal. Daytime highs were in the 60s and overnight lows fell into the 40s early in the week. Farmers were still struggling with wet field conditions, yellowing crops and some drowned-out areas. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 75% adequate and 24% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% short, 75% adequate and 24% surplus. Corn condition was 71% good to excellent, 2 percentage points above the previous week. Ninety-eight percent of the state's soybeans have emerged, two days ahead of the average. Soybean blooming was 10%, two days ahead of average. Soybean condition was 75% good to excellent, 1 percentage point above last week. Oats headed was reported at 69%, three days behind the average, and oats turning color was reported at 16%, two days behind last year. Oats condition was 78% good to excellent, 1 percentage point below the previous week. Winter wheat was 97% headed and coloring was reported at 39%, four days behind last year. Winter wheat condition was rated 75% good to excellent statewide, 1 percentage point below the previous week.

 

 

 

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