USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Crop Condition Worsens

OMAHA (DTN) -- Soybean, corn and spring wheat condition ratings all worsened in the last week, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

Soybeans were rated 14% poor to very poor in the week ended July 23, compared to 11% last week. Fifty-seven percent of the crop was rated good to excellent, compared to 61% last week.

"Fifty-seven percent of the soybean crop was rated good-to-excellent, resulting in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 135, which is down 11 points from last week," Said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "The index is down from 170 a year ago and is also lower than the past four years. Monday's report is bullish for soybeans."

Sixty-nine percent of soybeans are blooming, while 29% are setting pods. That compares to 52% and 16% last week, 74% and 33% last year and averages of 67% and 27%.

Corn conditions were rated 12% poor to very poor, compared to 11% last week. "Sixty-two percent of the corn crop was rated good-to-excellent, resulting in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 147, down 5 points from last week," said Hultman. "DTN's index is down from 184 a year ago and is still lower than the past four years. Monday's report is bullish for corn."

Sixty seven percent of the corn is silking and 8% is in the dough stage, compared to 40% and NA last week, 76% and 12% last year and averages of 69% and 13%.

Spring wheat was rated 40% poor to very poor, compared to 41% last week. "Thirty-three percent of spring wheat was rated good-to-excellent, resulting in a DTN Spring Wheat Condition Index of 37 which is the same as a week ago," Hultman said. "DTN's index is down from 160 a year ago and is still the lowest since 1988. Monday's report remains bullish for spring wheat."

Winter wheat is 84% harvested, compared to 75% last week, 82% last year, and an 80% average. Hultman said this was neutral for the market.

Sorghum is 38% headed and 21% coloring, compared to 31% and 20% last week, 48% and 22% last year, and averages of 42% and 25%. Sorghum condition worsened to 59% good to excellent, compared to 63% last week.

Barley is 97% headed, compared to 89% last week, 97% last year and a 97% average. Barley condition worsened, with more of the crop moving into the fair rating and out of the good to excellent category.

Oats are 24% harvested, compared to 14% last week, 35% last year and a 31% average.

Cotton is 77% squaring and 36% setting bolls, compared to 70% and 26% last week, 84% and 43% last year, and 84% and 41% on average. Cotton condition worsened in the past week. Rice is 49% headed, compared to 33% last week, 55% last year and a 44% average.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states.

Colorado

Hot and dry conditions across much of the state last week continued to advance crop development and winter wheat harvest. Some areas received needed moisture, while others remained very dry. Days suitable for fieldwork is 6.5 days, up slightly from the previous week's 6.4 days. Topsoil moisture is 9% very short, 36% short, 53% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 5% very short, 36% short, 58% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn silked is 21% with 38% the five year average. Corn crop condition is 23% very poor to poor, 20% and 57% good to excellent. Barley headed is 96% with 97% the five year average. Barley turning color is 48% with 43% the five year average. Barley harvested is 1% with 4% the five year average. Barley crop condition is 22% fair and 78% good to excellent. Sorghum headed is 12% with 14% the five year average. Sorghum 20% very poor to poor, 38% fair and 41% good to excellent. Spring wheat headed is 93% with 98% the five year average. Spring wheat turning color is 39% with 44% the five year average. Spring wheat crop condition is 2% poor, 20% fair and 79% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvested is 90% with 85% the five year average.

Illinois

Above average temperatures prevailed last week. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 23. Statewide, the average temperature was 79.3 degrees, 2.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.80 inches, 0.82 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 12% very short, 21% short, 59% adequate, and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 7% very short, 25% short, 64% adequate, and 4% surplus. Corn silking jumped to 83%, compared to 85% for the 5-year average. Corn condition was rated at 3% very poor, 8% poor, 26% fair, 49% good, and 14% excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 77%, compared with 74% last year. Soybeans setting pods was at 33%, compared to 30% last year. Soybean condition was rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 27% fair, 46% good, and 13% excellent.

Indiana

High temperatures and localized heavy rainfalls delayed harvest progress and spraying activities. Though the beginning of the week was mostly dry and hot, rain storms moved across the state towards the end of the week, leading to localized flooding and very humid air. The statewide average temperature was 77.8 degrees, 2.2 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.77 inches, above average by 0.75 inches. There were 4.3 days available for fieldwork for the week ending July 23 up 0.8 days from the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 2% very short, 8% short, 64% adequate and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 11% 67% adequate and 22% surplus. Corn silking is 67% with 74% the five year average. Corn Doughed is 5% with 8% the five year average. Corn crop condition is 18% very poor to poor, 35% fair and 47% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming is 68% with 69% the five year average. Soybeans setting pods is 28% with 31% the five year average. Soybean crop conditions is 17% very short to short, 36% fair and 47% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvested is 96% with the five year begin 95%.

Iowa

Above normal temperatures were accompanied by widely varying rainfall and some severe weather during the week ending July 23, 2017. Statewide there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included hauling grain, applying herbicides and insecticides, cultivating, and haying. Topsoil moisture levels rated 20% very short, 32% short, 45% adequate and 3% surplus. Over 90% of south central Iowa's topsoil falls into the short to very short moisture level categories, while 99% of northeast Iowa's topsoil falls into the adequate to surplus categories. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 32% short, 52% adequate and 2% surplus. Seventy-four percent of Iowa's corn crop has reached the silking stage, 4 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn conditions deteriorated slightly to 2% very poor, 6% poor, 24% fair, 55% good, and 13% excellent. Nearly three-quarters of the soybean crop was blooming, with 30% of soybeans setting pods, 1 day ahead of average. Soybean condition also dropped slightly with 62% rated good to excellent. Oats coloring reached 89%, one week behind last year. Forty-one percent of oats for grain or seed have been harvested, 4 days behind last year. Oat condition rated 71% good to excellent. Crops were described as suffering from heat stress and lack of moisture across much of the state.

Kansas

For the week ending July 23, 2017, above normal temperatures continued across the State. Measurable rainfall was received across many counties, but was not enough to overcome the crop stress caused by triple digit temperatures. Moderate drought conditions have moved into a few northern counties. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 9% very short, 33% short, 56% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 30% short, 65% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 49% good, and

11% excellent. Corn silking was 72%, behind 83% last year, and near 76% for the five-year average. Dough was 8%, near 12% last year, and behind 23% average. Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 38% fair, 51% good, and 4% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 61%, ahead of 53% last year and 49% average. Setting pods was 15%, equal to last year, and near 12% average. Sorghum condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 57% good, and 7% excellent. Sorghum headed was 11%, behind 25% last year, and near 14% average. Cotton condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 62% good, and 6% excellent. Cotton squaring was 44%, behind 52% last year and 59% average. Setting bolls was 8%, equal to last year, and near 11% average. Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 32% fair, 62% good, and 3% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 14%, near 18% last year and 15% average.

Michigan

There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending July 23, 2017. Muggy weather was prevalent this week, with temperatures ranging from average to above average across most of the state. Topsoil moisture is 3% very short, 23% short, 66% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 4% very short, 19% short, 69% adequate and 8% surplus. Corn silking is 41% with 54% the five year average. Corn dough is 1%. Corn crop condition is 8% very poor to poor, 23% fair and 69% good to excellent. Soybean blooming is 66% with the five year average 68%. Soybeans setting pods 29% with the five year of 21%. Soybeans crop condition is 10% very poor to poor, 25% fair and 65% good to excellent. Winter wheat mature is 89% with 64% the five year average. Winter wheat harvested is 70% with 64% the five year average. Oats headed is 90% with 98% the five year average. Oats harvested is 4% with the five year average at 9%.

Minnesota

Scattered rain and warm temperatures allowed for 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending in July 23, 2017. Activities for the week included baling hay, and isolated aerial spraying of pesticides. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 17% short, 74% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 15% short, 79% adequate and 4% surplus. The corn crop was 61% silked, five days behind last year. Corn crop condition rated 80% good to excellent. Seventy percent of the soybean crop was blooming, eight days behind last year, and three days behind the five year average. Twenty percent of soybeans were setting pods. Soybean condition remained at 72% good to excellent.

Fifty-two percent of spring wheat was coloring, five days behind average. Spring wheat condition rated 84% good to excellent. Sixty-eight percent of oats were turning color with a few reports of oats being harvested. Oats condition was 81% good to excellent. Sixty-four percent of barley was turning color, and barley condition rated 85% good to excellent. Seventy percent of the dry edible bean crop reached the blooming stage, with 11% setting pods. Dry edible bean condition rated 77% good to excellent. Sunflower crop condition remained at 89% good to excellent. Potato condition was rated 94% good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition rating improved to 86% good to excellent.

Missouri

Hot and dry conditions were prevalent across Missouri in the week ended July 23, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Heartland Regional Field Office. Temperatures last week averaged 83.0 degrees, 4.5 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.33 inch statewide, 0.48 inches below normal. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 7% very short, 34% short, 58% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 5% very short, 27% short, and 68% adequate.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 23, 2017, temperatures averaged four to eight degrees above normal, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Measureable rainfall was received in the northern and southeastern parts of Nebraska. Winter wheat harvest was wrapping up for the region. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 31% very short, 40%, 29 adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 24% very short, 42% short, 34% adequate, and 0% surplus.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 23, 2017, much needed rainfall was received in North Dakota, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. The amount of moisture received ranged from a quarter of an inch to two inches. However, much more is needed to help crop development, improve pasture conditions, and increase water supplies. Conditions have been favorable for spraying crops. Temperatures for the week averaged one to three degrees above normal in the east, while the west averaged three to five degrees above normal. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 31% very short, 36% short, 32% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 24% very short, 38% short, 37% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Ohio

While some areas of the state are still too waterlogged, some areas were dry enough for fieldwork until heavy rains over the weekend, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 23. Some fields are showing damage from too much rain, particularly soybean fields with yellowing and some plant death. Growers were also having difficulty cutting hay, harvesting wheat, spraying fields, and spreading manure. Some growers resorted to aerial application of fungicides and pesticides. Wheat harvest moved closer to completion, but quality issues were found in the wake of the warm wet weather of late. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 2% short, 58% adequate, 40% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 0% very short, 2% short, 58% adequate, 40% surplus.

Oklahoma

Precipitation totals continued to be well above normal statewide with the exception of the West Central district, which came in just one percent below normal. As of July 18, drought conditions were rated 44%, up approximately eight points from the previous week. Conditions partially worsened in the western half of the state. Statewide temperatures averaged in the mid 80's. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

South Dakota

For the week ending July 23, 2017, showers and thunderstorms brought much needed rain to portions of north and east central South Dakota, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall totals ranged from one-third to over two inches. Some storms turned severe producing localized damage from wind and hail. Overall, statewide moisture conditions remain short to very short as last week's rainfall was not widespread. Wheat harvest continued ahead of average, while third-cutting alfalfa began in some portions of the state. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 43% very short, 39% short, 17% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 42% very short, 39% short, 19% adequate, and 0% surplus. Sunflower condition rated 11% very poor, 27% poor, 58% fair, 4% good, and 0% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 5%, behind 17% last year and 12% average.

Texas

Three-digit temperatures were once again recorded in many areas of the state, according to USDA's NASS Southern Plains Regional Field Office in Austin. Rainfall in areas of the TransPecos, the Edwards Plateau, the Upper Coast, East Texas, the Blacklands and the Cross Timbers ranged between 0.5 and 2.0 inches. The rest of the state had little to no precipitation during the week. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Land was being prepared in some areas of South Texas for winter wheat. High winds carrying dirt and sand, along with multiple hail events have caused significant cotton crop losses in areas of the Southern High Plains and the Northern Low Plains. Cotton fleahoppers were becoming a concern for some producers in the Northern Low Plains. Sorghum harvest continued in the Blacklands, the Coastal Bend, the Upper Coast, and South East Texas, while nearing completion in southern areas of the state. Rain and high humidity delayed corn harvest in areas of the Blacklands as producers waited for grain to dry down.

Wisconsin

There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 27, 2017, according to USDA's NASS. Frequent rains struck Wisconsin for a sixth week in a row. The heaviest rains fell across the southwest portion of the state, with variable precipitation elsewhere. Many reporters noted crop damage from flooding and oversaturated soils. There were also some reports of crops, barns and trees blown down in multiple rounds of thunderstorms. Corn and soybeans conditions varied widely across the state. Producers were gearing up for winter wheat, oats and potato harvest. Making hay remained a struggle in much of the state. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 3% short, 70% adequate and 27% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 0% very short, 1% short, 74% adequate and 25% surplus. Corn silking is 5 days behind last year. Oats turning color or beyond are 1 week behind last year. Oat harvest is 8 days behind last year and 12 days behind average.

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