USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Continued Slower-than-Normal Progress, Lower Rating Seen as Slightly Bullish for Corn

September 5, 2017

OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn condition continued to lag behind the average pace, and the condition of the crop fell slightly from the previous week, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Tuesday. The report was delayed a day due to the Labor Day holiday on Monday.


In this week's report, USDA estimated that 92% of corn had reached the dough stage as of Sunday, down from 95% a year ago, and down from the five-year average of 94%. Sixty percent of corn was dented, down from 74% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 68% dented. Twelve percent of corn was considered mature, down from 17% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 18% mature.


Corn condition also dropped slightly, from 62% good to excellent the previous week to 61% last week. That resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 144, down 5 points from the previous week. DTN's index is down from 178 a year ago and is lower than the previous three years. Crop ratings declined slightly in the Dakotas and Indiana.


"Tuesday's report of slower crop development and a lower crop rating is slightly bullish for corn," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.


USDA estimated that 97% of soybeans are setting pods, even with a year ago and above the five-year average of 96%. Eleven percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, even with a year ago and below the five-year average of 12%.


Sixty-one percent of the soybean crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition last week, the same as the previous week, according to USDA. That resulted in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 147, which was also the same as the previous week. The index is down from 175 a year ago and is lower than the past three years.


"Tuesday's report is neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.


This week's Crop Progress report also showed 89% of spring wheat was harvested as of Sunday, down from 90% a year ago, but above the five-year average of 78% harvested.


"Tuesday's harvest progress is neutral for spring wheat prices," Hultman said.


Sorghum was 62% coloring, behind the average of 64%, and mature was 31%, also behind the average of 34% mature. Sorghum harvested was 23%, near the average of 24%. Sorghum condition dropped to 63% good to excellent from 65% the previous week.


Barley was 92% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average pace of 84%. Oats were 91% harvested, behind the average of 94%.


Cotton was 96% setting bolls and 25% bolls opening compared to an average pace of 97% setting bolls and 30% bolls opening. Nationwide, cotton condition held steady at 65% good to excellent.

Rice was 29% harvested as of Sunday, near the average of 30% harvested.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit



Dry, windy, and hot weather seen throughout Colorado this past week caused a decline in soil moisture supplies. Warmer weather last week helped further spring crop maturity, but dry spots are quickly appearing in the absence of moisture. Reporters in northeastern counties noted that recent dry weather is a concern for non-irrigated crop and pasture conditions. Specifically, concerns regarding the impact of dry conditions on winter wheat planting and declining non-irrigated crop quality were mentioned. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 20% short, 78% adequate; 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 22% short, 77% adequate, 0% surplus. In the San Luis Valley barley harvest was progressing well. Reporters in southeastern counties also noted that increased heat units benefited spring crops, but some remain behind due to previous cooler weather. Statewide, harvest of small grains remained slightly behind average.



Cooler weather continued across most of Ill