USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Continued Slower-than-Normal Progress, Lower Rating Seen as Slightly Bullish for Corn

September 5, 2017

OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn condition continued to lag behind the average pace, and the condition of the crop fell slightly from the previous week, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Tuesday. The report was delayed a day due to the Labor Day holiday on Monday.

 

In this week's report, USDA estimated that 92% of corn had reached the dough stage as of Sunday, down from 95% a year ago, and down from the five-year average of 94%. Sixty percent of corn was dented, down from 74% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 68% dented. Twelve percent of corn was considered mature, down from 17% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 18% mature.

 

Corn condition also dropped slightly, from 62% good to excellent the previous week to 61% last week. That resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 144, down 5 points from the previous week. DTN's index is down from 178 a year ago and is lower than the previous three years. Crop ratings declined slightly in the Dakotas and Indiana.

 

"Tuesday's report of slower crop development and a lower crop rating is slightly bullish for corn," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

 

USDA estimated that 97% of soybeans are setting pods, even with a year ago and above the five-year average of 96%. Eleven percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, even with a year ago and below the five-year average of 12%.

 

Sixty-one percent of the soybean crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition last week, the same as the previous week, according to USDA. That resulted in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 147, which was also the same as the previous week. The index is down from 175 a year ago and is lower than the past three years.

 

"Tuesday's report is neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.

 

This week's Crop Progress report also showed 89% of spring wheat was harvested as of Sunday, down from 90% a year ago, but above the five-year average of 78% harvested.

 

"Tuesday's harvest progress is neutral for spring wheat prices," Hultman said.

 

Sorghum was 62% coloring, behind the average of 64%, and mature was 31%, also behind the average of 34% mature. Sorghum harvested was 23%, near the average of 24%. Sorghum condition dropped to 63% good to excellent from 65% the previous week.

 

Barley was 92% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average pace of 84%. Oats were 91% harvested, behind the average of 94%.

 

Cotton was 96% setting bolls and 25% bolls opening compared to an average pace of 97% setting bolls and 30% bolls opening. Nationwide, cotton condition held steady at 65% good to excellent.

Rice was 29% harvested as of Sunday, near the average of 30% harvested.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit

 

Colorado

Dry, windy, and hot weather seen throughout Colorado this past week caused a decline in soil moisture supplies. Warmer weather last week helped further spring crop maturity, but dry spots are quickly appearing in the absence of moisture. Reporters in northeastern counties noted that recent dry weather is a concern for non-irrigated crop and pasture conditions. Specifically, concerns regarding the impact of dry conditions on winter wheat planting and declining non-irrigated crop quality were mentioned. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 20% short, 78% adequate; 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 22% short, 77% adequate, 0% surplus. In the San Luis Valley barley harvest was progressing well. Reporters in southeastern counties also noted that increased heat units benefited spring crops, but some remain behind due to previous cooler weather. Statewide, harvest of small grains remained slightly behind average.

 

Illinois

Cooler weather continued across most of Illinois last week. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 67.1 degrees, 5.4 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.37 inch, 0.40 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture: 14% very short, 37% short, and 49% adequate. Subsoil moisture: 11% very short, 37% short, and 52% adequate. Corn in the dough stage was at 96%, compared to 97% last year. Corn dented was at 67%, compared to 78% for the five-year average. Corn mature was at 13%, compared to 26% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 32% fair, 43% good and 11% excellent. Soybeans coloring was at 19%, compared to 24% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 3%, compared to 4% for the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 29% fair, 49% good and 9% excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 8% very poor, 16% poor, 44% fair, 29% good and 3% excellent.

 

Indiana

Dry weather continued for most of the week, with rain showers from Hurricane Harvey providing needed relief to southern Indiana by the holiday weekend. Irrigation systems continued to run where available to supplement the limited amount of rainfall received during the week. The statewide average temperature was 66.6 degrees, 5.0 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 0.94 inch, below average by 0.10 inch. There were 5.9 days available for fieldwork last week, down 0.1 day from the previous week. Regionally, corn was 64% dented in the north, 62% in central, and 74% in the south. Corn was 9% matured in the north, 16% in central, and 16% in the south. Corn rated in good-to-excellent condition was 54% in the north, 49% in central, and 51% in the south. Soybeans were 8% dropping leaves in the north, 17% in central, and 14% in the south. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition were 56% in the north, 52% in central, and 51% in the south. Both corn and soybeans are progressing quickly into maturity due to the abnormally dry weather. Many farmers continued to utilize irrigation systems to maintain adequate moisture for both crops as harvest approaches. Some are concerned that the dry soils have caused corn and soybeans to mature early. Pasture conditions declined some and overall growth has slowed from lack of moisture. The weather for most of the week was favorable for hay making, although some of the cuttings were of lower quality than earlier in the season. Seed corn harvest began in parts of the state. Topsoil moisture: 9% very short, 32% short, 55% adequate, 45 surplus. Subsoil moisture: 7% very short, 31% short, 59% adequate and 3% surplus.

 

Iowa

It was a cool dry week in Iowa last week. Statewide, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included haying, hauling grain, chopping corn silage, seeding cover crops, and harvesting seed corn. Topsoil moisture: 13% very short, 27% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. According to the August 29, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor, areas of south-central and southeast Iowa have been in a severe drought for five consecutive weeks. Subsoil moisture: 17% very short, 31% short, 52% adequate and 0% surplus. Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, five days behind last year but three days ahead of the five-year average. Sixty percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, eight days behind last year and three days behind average. Corn condition rated 62% good to excellent. Eighteen percent of soybeans have started to turn color, five days behind last year and three days behind average. Soybean condition improved to 61% good to excellent. There were scattered reports of disease issues in soybeans such as sudden death syndrome. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 91% complete, 8 days ahead of last year and over 2 weeks ahead of average.

 

Kansas

Below-normal temperatures returned to Kansas last week. Small amounts of rain fell in central and western areas, while the eastern third of Kansas remained dry. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 7% very short, 31% short, 60% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 5% very short, 29% short, 65% adequate, and 1% surplus. Winter wheat planted: 1%, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Corn condition: 4% very poor, 12% poor, 30% fair, 42% good and 12% excellent. Corn dough was 93%, near 94% last year and 96% average. Dented was 75%, near 78% last year, and equal to average. Mature was 30%, ahead of 24% last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 3%, equal to last year, but behind 10% average. Soybean condition: 2% very poor,% poor, 35% fair, 47% good and 7% excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94%, ahead of 89% last year and 88% average. Dropping leaves was 8%, near 5% last year, and equal to average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 33% fair, 49% good and 9% excellent. Sorghum headed was 95%, near 99% last year and 94% average. Coloring was 46%, well behind 66% last year, and near 50% average. Mature was 5%, near 8% last year and 6% average. Cotton condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 41% fair, 46% good and 5% excellent. Cotton setting bolls was 70%, behind 76% last year and 81% average. Bolls opening was 15%, ahead of 10% last year, and near 14% average. Alfalfa condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 51% good and 3% excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 59% complete, ahead of 50% last year, and well ahead of 37% average.

 

Michigan

There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The weather had a slight change of pace and was much cooler and wet this past week in parts of northern and western Michigan. Some producers were concerned about the frost and overall lack of warm weather to finish out the crops. Meanwhile, dry conditions were reported in some east-central and southern regions of the state. Producers were hoping for some heat specifically to help ripen the corn in the north while dry conditions adversely affected corn in some southern locations. Corn silage harvest was just getting underway. The soybean crop was beginning to turn color in some locations, and most producers were hoping for additional moisture to help with pod fill. Dry beans began to drop leaves and harvest was a few weeks away for some. Second- and third-cutting hay harvest continued where moisture conditions allowed. Some small grain harvest activities continued in northern Michigan, while producers further south were preparing for winter wheat planting. Topsoil moisture: 19% very short, 38% short, 40% adequate, 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 15% very short, 37% short, 44% adequate, 4% surplus.

 

Minnesota

Minnesota's crop progress and condition report was not yet available at the time this article was posted.

 

Missouri

Cooler temperatures continued across the state last week with temperatures averaging 69.9 degrees, 4.7 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.35 inch statewide, 0.49 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 4% very short, 24% short, 71% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 6% very short, 23% short, and 71% adequate. Corn dented reached 88%, up 9 percentage points from last week. Corn mature reached 21%, compared to 40% for the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain reached 4%, compared to 7% last year and 12% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 63% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods reached 92%. Soybeans coloring reached 18%, compared to 10% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 3%. Soybean condition 65% good to excellent. Cotton with bolls opening reached 32%. Cotton condition was rated 58% good to excellent. Rice harvest reached 1%. Rice condition was rated 71% good to excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 56% good to excellent.

 

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged 2 to 6 degrees above normal across western Nebraska, but 2 to 6 degrees below normal in the east last week. Precipitation was scattered and limited with rainfall of less than half an inch received in some northcentral and Panhandle counties. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 27% short, 63% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 30% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn condition rated 73% good to excellent. Corn dough was 97%, equal to last year, and near 96% for the five-year average. Dented was 68%, behind 74% last year, and near 72% average. Mature was 10%, near 8% last year and 13% average. Soybean condition rated 64% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 8%, behind 15% last year, and near 11% average. Winter wheat planted was 1%, near 4% last year and 3 average. Sorghum condition rated 60% good to excellent. Sorghum coloring was 65%, well behind 87% last year, but ahead of 59% average. Mature was 6%, behind 11% last year, but near 3% average. Alfalfa condition rated 55% good to excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 96% complete, equal to last year, and near 94% average. Fourth cutting was 38%, near 40% last year, but ahead of 32% average.

 

North Dakota

Rainfall was limited and temperatures averaged slightly above normal across North Dakota last week. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 34% short, 45% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 20% very short, 37% short, 42% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn dented was 31%, well behind 51% average. Mature was 3%, behind 8% average. Corn condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97%, near 99% average, and dropping leaves was 25%, behind 29% average. Soybean condition was rated 47% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 95%. Winter wheat planted for the 2018 crop was 1%. Spring wheat harvested was 85%, ahead of 74% average. Barley harvested was 93%, ahead of 81% average. Oats harvested was 90%, ahead of 81% average. Durum wheat mature was 93%, near 96% last year, and harvested was 74%, ahead of 55% average. Canola harvested was 68%, ahead of 60% average.

 

Ohio

Overall temperatures remained below normal as daytime highs for the week ranged from the upper 70s to lower 80s, while nighttime lows ranged from the upper 40s to the lower 50s. Rainfall amounts ranged widely across the state with some areas reporting receiving more than two inches of rain during the week while other areas received very little, if any. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 8% very short, 27% short, 61% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 6% very short, 26% short, 67% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn dented was 54%, behind the average of 58%, and mature was 7%, near the average pace of 8% mature. Corn silage harvested was 13% complete as of Sunday. Corn condition was rated 59% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97%, near the average of 99%, and dropping leaves was 7%, behind the average of 12%. Soybean conditions were rated 56% good to excellent.

 

Oklahoma

For the third consecutive week, the state received above-normal rainfall, though the statewide average dropped approximately six-tenths of an inch. Statewide temperatures averaged in the mid-70s. Topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 18% short, 79% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 19% short, 77% adequate and 3% surplus. Corn dent reached 83%, up 1 point from normal, and corn mature reached 27%, down 13 points from normal. Corn condition was rated 63% good to excellent. Sorghum mature reached 27%, up 4 points from normal, and sorghum harvested reached 3%, down 4 points from normal. Soybeans setting pods reached 71%, down 1 point from normal, and soybeans dropping leaves reached 3%, unchanged from normal. Soybean condition was rated 81% good to excellent. Cotton setting bolls reached 89%, down 3 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal. Cotton bolls opening reached 8%, down 13 points from normal. Cotton condition was rated 97% good to excellent.

 

South Dakota

Temperatures were average to above average for a majority of the state last week, as daytime highs climbed into the upper 80s and lower 90s for many central and western locations by week's end. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 19% very short, 26% short, 54% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 27% very short, 34% short, 38% adequate and 1% surplus. Spring wheat harvested was 97%, near 93% for the five-year average. Oats harvested was 95%, behind 99% average. Barley harvested was 60%, well behind 91% average. Corn dented was 43%, behind 60% average, and corn mature was 1%, behind 9% average. Corn condition was rated 42% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97%, near 98% average, and dropping leaves was 17%, behind 26% average. Soybean condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Sorghum coloring was 42%, well behind 69% average, and mature was 6%, near 8% average. Sorghum condition was rated 14% good to excellent.

 

Texas

The Upper Coast and southeast Texas were still experiencing the lingering effects of Hurricane Harvey last. These districts received between 6 and 30 inches of precipitation, resulting in extensive flooding in many areas. The rest of the state received little to no rain, with the exception of areas in the Edwards Plateau, south Texas and the Lower Valley, which received between 0.2 inch and 2 inches of rain. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 5% very short, 20% short, 61% adequate and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7% very short, 19% short, 60% adequate and 14% surplus. Corn was 87% dented, 66% mature and 57% harvested, equal to the average pace of 57% harvested. Cotton was 95% setting bolls, 21% bolls opening and 15% harvested, ahead of the average of 7% harvested. Rice was 90% harvested, ahead of the average of 81% harvested. Sorghum was 82% coloring, 72% mature and 61% harvested, slightly ahead of the average of 58% harvested. Soybeans were 50% dropping leaves, behind the average of 54%, and 30% of soybeans were harvested, even with the five-year average.

 

Wisconsin

Another week of below-normal temperatures rounded out an overall cool month of August. Overnight lows dipped into the 40s across most of the state, with areas near the Michigan border dipping into the 30s. Scattered rains were more frequent in the eastern and central portions of the state. Some reporters there noted soils were once again too wet to support machinery. Reporters remained concerned that corn and soybeans were behind in maturity. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 7% short, 85% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 4% short, 87% adequate and 8% surplus. Seventy-nine percent of Wisconsin's corn had reached the dough stage or beyond, two days behind the five-year average. Thirty-three percent of the corn has reached the dented stage, six days behind the average. There were scattered reports of corn reaching maturity and being harvested for silage. Corn condition rated 72% good to excellent, 3 percentage points above the previous week. Ninety-five percent of the state's soybeans were setting pods, three days behind the average. Leaves were turning color on 12% of the state's soybean acreage. Soybean condition rated 75% good to excellent, 2 percentage points above last week. Harvesting of oats for grain was reported at 86% complete, over one week behind average. Winter wheat being planting had begun.

 

 

 

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