USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Continued Slower-than-Normal Progress, Lower Rating Seen as Slightly Bul
OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn condition continued to lag behind the average pace, and the condition of the crop fell slightly from the previous week, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Tuesday. The report was delayed a day due to the Labor Day holiday on Monday.
In this week's report, USDA estimated that 92% of corn had reached the dough stage as of Sunday, down from 95% a year ago, and down from the five-year average of 94%. Sixty percent of corn was dented, down from 74% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 68% dented. Twelve percent of corn was considered mature, down from 17% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 18% mature.
Corn condition also dropped slightly, from 62% good to excellent the previous week to 61% last week. That resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 144, down 5 points from the previous week. DTN's index is down from 178 a year ago and is lower than the previous three years. Crop ratings declined slightly in the Dakotas and Indiana.
"Tuesday's report of slower crop development and a lower crop rating is slightly bullish for corn," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.
USDA estimated that 97% of soybeans are setting pods, even with a year ago and above the five-year average of 96%. Eleven percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, even with a year ago and below the five-year average of 12%.
Sixty-one percent of the soybean crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition last week, the same as the previous week, according to USDA. That resulted in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 147, which was also the same as the previous week. The index is down from 175 a year ago and is lower than the past three years.
"Tuesday's report is neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.
This week's Crop Progress report also showed 89% of spring wheat was harvested as of Sunday, down from 90% a year ago, but above the five-year average of 78% harvested.
"Tuesday's harvest progress is neutral for spring wheat prices," Hultman said.
Sorghum was 62% coloring, behind the average of 64%, and mature was 31%, also behind the average of 34% mature. Sorghum harvested was 23%, near the average of 24%. Sorghum condition dropped to 63% good to excellent from 65% the previous week.
Barley was 92% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average pace of 84%. Oats were 91% harvested, behind the average of 94%.
Cotton was 96% setting bolls and 25% bolls opening compared to an average pace of 97% setting bolls and 30% bolls opening. Nationwide, cotton condition held steady at 65% good to excellent.
Rice was 29% harvested as of Sunday, near the average of 30% harvested.
The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit
Dry, windy, and hot weather seen throughout Colorado this past week caused a decline in soil moisture supplies. Warmer weather last week helped further spring crop maturity, but dry spots are quickly appearing in the absence of moisture. Reporters in northeastern counties noted that recent dry weather is a concern for non-irrigated crop and pasture conditions. Specifically, concerns regarding the impact of dry conditions on winter wheat planting and declining non-irrigated crop quality were mentioned. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 20% short, 78% adequate; 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 22% short, 77% adequate, 0% surplus. In the San Luis Valley barley harvest was progressing well. Reporters in southeastern counties also noted that increased heat units benefited spring crops, but some remain behind due to previous cooler weather. Statewide, harvest of small grains remained slightly behind average.
Cooler weather continued across most of Illinois last week. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 67.1 degrees, 5.4 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.37 inch, 0.40 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture: 14% very short, 37% short, and 49% adequate. Subsoil moisture: 11% very short, 37% short, and 52% adequate. Corn in the dough stage was at 96%, compared to 97% last year. Corn dented was at 67%, compared to 78% for the five-year average. Corn mature was at 13%, compared to 26% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 32% fair, 43% good and 11% excellent. Soybeans coloring was at 19%, compared to 24% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 3%, compared to 4% for the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 29% fair, 49% good and 9% excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 8% very poor, 16% poor, 44% fair, 29% good and 3% excellent.
Dry weather continued for most of the week, with rain showers from Hurricane Harvey providing needed relief to southern Indiana by the holiday weekend. Irrigation systems continued to run where available to supplement the limited amount of rainfall received during the week. The statewide average temperature was 66.6 degrees, 5.0 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 0.94 inch, below average by 0.10 inch. There were 5.9 days available for fieldwork last week, down 0.1 day from the previous week. Regionally, corn was 64% dented in the north, 62% in central, and 74% in the south. Corn was 9% matured in the north, 16% in central, and 16% in the south. Corn rated in good-to-excellent condition was 54% in the north, 49% in central, and 51% in the south. Soybeans were 8% dropping leaves in the north, 17% in central, and 14% in the south. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition were 56% in the north, 52% in central, and 51% in the south. Both corn and soybeans are progressing quickly into maturity due to the abnormally dry weather. Many farmers continued to utilize irrigation systems to maintain adequate moisture for both crops as harvest approaches. Some are concerned that the dry soils have caused corn and soybeans to mature early. Pasture conditions declined some and overall growth has slowed from lack of moisture. The weather for most of the week was favorable for hay making, although some of the cuttings were of lower quality than earlier in the season. Seed corn harvest began in parts of the state. Topsoil moisture: 9% very short, 32% short, 55% adequate, 45 surplus. Subsoil moisture: 7% very short, 31% short, 59% adequate and 3% surplus.
It was a cool dry week in Iowa last week. Statewide, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included haying, hauling grain, chopping corn silage, seeding cover crops, and harvesting seed corn. Topsoil moisture: 13% very short, 27% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. According to the August 29, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor, areas of south-central and southeast Iowa have been in a severe drought for five consecutive weeks. Subsoil moisture: 17% very short, 31% short, 52% adequate and 0% surplus. Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, five days behind last year but three days ahead of the five-year average. Sixty percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, eight days behind last year and three days behind average. Corn condition rated 62% good to excellent. Eighteen percent of soybeans have started to turn color, five days behind last year and three days behind average. Soybean condition improved to 61% good to excellent. There were scattered reports of disease issues in soybeans such as sudden death syndrome. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 91% complete, 8 days ahead of last year and over 2 weeks ahead of average.
Below-normal temperatures returned to Kansas last week. Small amounts of rain fell in central and western areas, while the eastern third of Kansas remained dry. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 7% very short, 31% short, 60% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 5% very short, 29% short, 65% adequate, and 1% surplus. Winter wheat planted: 1%, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Corn condition: 4% very poor, 12% poor, 30% fair, 42% good and 12% excellent. Corn dough was 93%, near 94% last year and 96% average. Dented was 75%, near 78% last year, and equal to average. Mature was 30%, ahead of 24% last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 3%, equal to last year, but behind 10% average. Soybean condition: 2% very poor,% poor, 35% fair, 47% good and 7% excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94%, ahead of 89% last year and 88% average. Dropping leaves was 8%, near 5% last year, and equal to average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 33% fair, 49% good and 9% excellent. Sorghum headed was 95%, near 99% last year and 94% average. Coloring was 46%, well behind 66% last year, and near 50% average. Mature was 5%, near 8% last year and 6% average. Cotton condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 41% fair, 46% good and 5% excellent. Cotton setting bolls was 70%, behind 76% last year and 81% average. Bolls opening was 15%, ahead of 10% last year, and near 14% average. Alfalfa condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 51% good and 3% excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 59% complete, ahead of 50% last year, and well ahead of 37% average.
There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The weather had a slight change of pace and was much cooler and wet this past week in parts of northern and western Michigan. Some producers were concerned about the frost and overall lack of warm weather to finish out the crops. Meanwhile, dry conditions were reported in some east-central and southern regions of the state. Producers were hoping for some heat specifically to help ripen the corn in the north while dry conditions adversely affected corn in some southern locations. Corn silage harvest was just getting underway. The soybean crop was beginning to turn color in some locations, and most producers were hoping for additional moisture to help with pod fill. Dry beans began to drop leaves and harvest was a few weeks away for some. Second- and third-cutting hay harvest continued where moisture conditions allowed. Some small grain harvest activities continued in northern Michigan, while producers further south were preparing for winter wheat planting. Topsoil moisture: 19% very short, 38% short, 40% adequate, 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 15% very short, 37% short, 44% adequate, 4% surplus.
Minnesota's crop progress and condition report was not yet available at the time this article was posted.
Cooler temperatures continued across the state last week with temperatures averaging 69.9 degrees, 4.7 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.35 inch statewide, 0.49 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 4% very short, 24% short, 71% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 6% very short, 23% short, and 71% adequate. Corn dented reached 88%, up 9 percentage points from last week. Corn mature reached 21%, compared to 40% for the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain reached 4%, compared to 7% last year and 12% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 63% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods reached 92%. Soybeans coloring reached 18%, compared to 10% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 3%. Soybean condition 65% good to excellent. Cotton with bolls opening reached 32%. Cotton condition was rated 58% good to excellent. Rice harvest reached 1%. Rice condition was rated 71% good to excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 56% good to excellent.
Temperatures averaged 2 to 6 degrees above normal across western Nebraska, but 2 to 6 degrees below normal in the east last week. Precipitation was scattered and limited with rainfall of less than half an inch received in some northcentral and Panhandle counties. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 27% short, 63% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 30% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn condition rated 73% good to excellent. Corn dough was 97%, equal to last year, and near 96% for the five-year average. Dented was 68%, behind 74% last year, and near 72% average. Mature was 10%, near 8% last year and 13% average. Soybean condition rated 64% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 8%, behind 15% last year, and near 11% average. Winter wheat planted was 1%, near 4% last year and 3 average. Sorghum condition rated 60% good to excellent. Sorghum coloring was 65%, well behind 87% last year, but ahead of 59% average. Mature was 6%, behind 11% last year, but near 3% average. Alfalfa condition rated 55% good to excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 96% complete, equal to last year, and near 94% average. Fourth cutting was 38%, near 40% last year, but ahead of 32% average.
Rainfall was limited and temperatures averaged slightly above normal across North Dakota last week. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 34% short, 45% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 20% very short, 37% short, 42% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn dented was 31%, well behind 51% average. Mature was 3%, behind 8% average. Corn condition was rated 48% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97%, near 99% average, and dropping leaves was 25%, behind 29% average. Soybean condition was rated 47% good to excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 95%. Winter wheat planted for the 2018 crop was 1%. Spring whea