USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Report Neutral to Bullish for Soybeans; Neutral for Corn, Wheat

September 11, 2017

OMAHA (DTN) -- Soybean conditions fell slightly from the previous week and the crop's progress fell behind the average pace, according to USDA's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

USDA said 22% of soybeans were dropping leaves, as of Sunday, Sept. 10, down from 24% a year ago and below the five-year average of 25%. Sixty percent of the soybean crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition, down 1 percentage point from 61% the previous week. That resulted in a DTN Soybean Condition Index of 144, which was down 3 points from the previous week. The index is down from 175 a year ago and is lower than the past three years.

 

"Monday's report was neutral to bullish for soybeans," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

 

Corn progress also continued to lag behind the normal pace with USDA reporting 96% of corn in the dough stage as of Sunday, down from 99% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 97%. Seventy-five percent of corn was dented, down from 85% a year ago and down from the five-year average of 81% dented. Twenty-one percent of corn was considered mature, down from 31% a year ago and the five-year average of 31% mature. Five percent of corn was harvested as of Sunday, even with a year ago but down from the five-year average of 6% harvested.

 

Sixty-one percent of corn was rated in good-to-excellent condition, the same as the previous week. That resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 144, also the same as the previous week. DTN's index is down from 178 a year ago and is lower than the previous three years.

"Monday's report was neutral for corn," Hultman said.

 

Spring wheat harvest was nearing completion with USDA reporting that 95% of spring wheat was harvested as of Sunday, up from 94% a year ago and above the five-year average of 87% harvested.

"Monday's harvest progress was neutral for spring wheat prices," Hultman said.

 

Winter wheat farmers have also begun planting next year's crop, with USDA reporting 5% of winter wheat planted as of Sunday, even with a year ago and below the five-year average of 6% planted.

"Monday's first report of winter wheat planting progress was neutral for winter wheat," Hultman said.

Sorghum was 74% coloring, equal to the average pace, while mature was 35%, behind the average of 39%. Sorghum harvested was 24%, behind the average of 27%. Sorghum condition rose to 66% good to excellent from 63% the previous week.

 

Cotton was 34% bolls opening compared to an average pace of 40% bolls opening. Cotton harvest was estimated at 9%, ahead of the average of 4%. Nationwide, cotton condition fell to 63% good to excellent from 65% good to excellent the previous week.

 

Barley was 96% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average pace of 93%. Oats were 96% harvested, slightly behind the average of 97%. Rice was 43% harvested, slightly ahead of the average of 40% harvested.

 

Colorado

Dry conditions were ideal for fieldwork last week, allowing producers to achieve significant progress in harvest of small grains. Fall seeding of winter wheat has begun, but was delayed in areas needing moisture. There were 7.0 days suitable for fieldwork last week, compared to the previous week's 6.9 days. Topsoil moisture is 5% very short, 27% short and 68% adequate. Subsoil moisture is 5% very short, 25% short, 69% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn dough is 90% with 97% the five-year average. Corn dented is 54% with the five-year average 74%. Corn mature is 9% with 14% the five-year average. Corn silage harvested is 32% with the five-year average 37%. Corn crop condition is 14% very poor to poor, 28% fair and 58% good to excellent. Barley harvested is 85% with five-year average 90%. Sorghum turning color is 65%, also the five-year average. Sorghum mature is 5% with 12% being the five-year average. Spring wheat harvested is 70% with the five-year average 69%. Winter wheat planted is 11% with the five-year average 13%.

 

Illinois

Dry, cool weather continued across most of the state last week. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 10. Statewide, the average temperature was 63.2 degrees, 6.8 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.09 inch, 0.55 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 19% very short, 45% short, and 36% percent adequate. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 15% very short, 42% short, and 43% adequate. Corn dented was at 82%, compared to 88% for the five-year average. Corn mature was at 26%, compared to 39% last year. Corn harvested was at 2%. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 32% percent fair, 46 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Soybeans coloring was at 47%, compared to 46% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 13%, compared to 12% last year. Soybean condition was rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 30% fair, 49% good, and 8% excellent.

 

Indiana

Cooler temperatures slowed maturation some for corn and soybeans. Areas that received little to no rainfall continued to have irrigation systems running to finish out the crop. The statewide average temperature was 62.4 degrees, 7.0 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 0.43 inch, below average by 0.28 inch. There were 6.0 days available for fieldwork for the week ending Sept. 1, up 0.1 day from the previous week. Topsoil moisture is 11% very short, 33% short, 54% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 7% very short, 34% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn dough 96% with five-year average 97%. Corn dented is 76% with 79% the five-year average. Corn mature is 26% with 29% being the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain is 1% with the five-year average 3%. Corn harvested for silage is 32%. Corn crop condition is 17% very short to short, 31% fair and 52% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves is 36% with 29% being the five-year average. Soybeans crop condition is 15% very poor to poor, 38% fair and 52% good to excellent.

 

Iowa

It was another dry week in Iowa with only localized showers last week. Statewide there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, chopping corn for silage, seeding cover crops, hauling grain, and preparing for grain harvest. Topsoil moisture levels rated 17% very short, 32% short, 51% adequate and 0% surplus. South-central and southeast Iowa continue to be the driest parts of the state with over 80% of topsoil moisture rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture levels rated 19% very short, 34% short, 47% adequate and 0% surplus. Seventy-six percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage or beyond, three days behind the five-year average. Fifteen percent of corn had reached maturity, six days behind last year and eight days behind average. Corn condition rated 60% good to excellent. Forty-seven percent of soybeans were turning color, one day behind average. Eight percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, four days behind average. Soybean condition rated 61% good to excellent.

 

Kansas

Below-normal temperatures and little to no rainfall were reported across the majority of the state. Field activities included haying and ground preparation for wheat seeding. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 10% very short, 38% short, 51% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 8% very short, 35% short, 55% adequate, and 2% surplus. Winter wheat planted was 3%, near 4% last year, and equal to the five-year average. Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 13% poor, 28% fair, 43% good, and 11% excellent. Corn dough was 97%, equal to last year, and near 98% average. Dented was 84%, near 87% last year and 86% average. Mature was 45%, ahead of 40% last year, and near 44% average. Harvested was 10%, near 7% last year, but behind 15% average. Soybean condition rated 4% very poor, 12% poor, 35% fair, 43% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97%, near 94% both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 20%, ahead of 11% last year, and near 16% average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 32% fair, 49% good, and 10% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 66%, behind 82% last year, and near 67% average. Mature was 9%, behind 18% last year, and near 13% average. Harvested was 1%, equal to last year, and near 2% average. Cotton condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 35% fair, 53% good, and 6% excellent. Cotton setting bolls was 77%, near 81% last year, and behind 87% average. Bolls opening was 23%, ahead of 14% last year, and near 21% average. Harvested was 1%, equal to last year, and near 0% average. Sunflowers condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 25% fair, 65% good, and 6% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 97%. Ray flowers dried was 39%, behind 44% last year and 52% average. Bracts turning yellow was 18%. Bracts turning brown was 4%.

 

Michigan

There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. Cold, dry weather this past week slowed crop maturity and was the cause of crop stress in some southern Michigan locations. Some producers in northern Michigan were concerned about frost damage to late-maturing crops. Topsoil moisture is 17% very short, 37% short, 41% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture is 14% very short, 42% short, 40% adequate and 4% surplus. Corn dough is 84% with 91% the five-year average. Corn dented is 63% with 62% the five-year average. Corn mature is 4% with 13% the five-year average. Corn harvested for silage is 12% with the five-year average 8%. Corn crop condition is 19% very poor to poor, 32% fair and 49% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods is 96% with 100% the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves is 21% with the five-year average 17%. Soybeans crop condition is 19% very poor to poor, 28% fair and 54% good to excellent. Oats harvested is 88% with the five-year average 95%.

 

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers have nearly completed small grain harvest and have begun harvesting dry edible beans and corn for silage during the week. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, the second most of any week this year. Field activities included fall tillage, spreading manure, and seeding cover crops. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 18% short, 73% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 15% short, 76% adequate and 5% surplus. Ninety-six percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage. Seventy-one percent of the corn crop reached the dent stage, nine days behind last year and five days behind the five-year average. There were scattered reports of corn reaching maturity in southern Minnesota. Corn for silage harvest has begun and is 10% complete, eight days behind last year. Corn condition improved slightly to 82% good to excellent. Forty-seven percent of the soybean crop was turning color with 13% dropping leaves. Soybean condition declined slightly to 72% good to excellent. Both the spring wheat and oat harvests were 97% complete. Ninety percent of the dry edible bean crop was dropping leaves. Dry edible bean harvest was 19% complete, three days behind average. Dry edible bean condition rating dropped to 67% good to excellent. Sunflower condition was 86% good to excellent. Potato harvest was 39% complete. Potato crop condition remained at 92% good to excellent. Sugarbeets were 6% lifted. Sugarbeet condition increased slightly to 89% good to excellent.

 

Missouri

Cooler temperatures continued across the state last week with temperatures averaging 66.6 degrees, 5.5 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.05 inch statewide, 0.62 inch below normal. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 8% very short, 37% short and 55% adequate. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 8% very short, 30% short and 62% adequate. Corn dented reached 93%. Corn mature reached 42%, compared to 55% for the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain reached 12%, compared to 17% last year and 19% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods reached 96%. Soybeans coloring reached 36%, compared to 23% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 10%. Soybean condition was 62% good to excellent. Cotton with bolls opening reached 41%. Cotton condition was rated 53% good to excellent. Rice harvest reached 9%, compared to 18% for the five-year average. Rice condition was rated 77% good to excellent.

 

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged near normal across western Nebraska last week, but 2 to 6 degrees below normal in the east. Precipitation was scattered and limited. Seed corn harvest was underway. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 33 short and 56 adequate. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 64% good to excellent. Corn dented was 86%, near 87% last year and 85% for the five-year average. Mature was 18%, behind 25% last year and 27% average. Harvested was 2%, near 1% last year and 3% average. Soybean condition was rated 63% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 28%, near 27% last year and 25% average. Winter wheat planted was 7%, behind 17% last year and 13% average. Sorghum condition rated 68% good to excellent. Sorghum coloring was 84%, behind 94% last year, but ahead of 77% average. Mature was 15%, behind 21% last year, but ahead of 8% average. Alfalfa condition rated 56% good to excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 57% complete, ahead of 50% last year and 47% average. Proso millet harvested was 5%, behind 12% last year and 24% average.

 

North Dakota

Small grain harvest was wrapping up over much of North Dakota last week. Temperatures averaged near normal. Little to no rainfall was received and some crops showed stress. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 23% very short, 39% short, 38% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 23% very short, 38% short, 38% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn condition rated 7% very poor, 13% poor, 31% fair, 44% good, and 5% excellent. Corn dough was 94%, near 97% last year and 95% for the five-year average. Dented was 56%, behind 75% last year and 69% average. Mature was 4%, behind 21% last year and 18% average. Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 13% poor, 35% fair, 44% good, and 3% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 46%, near 50% last year, and behind 51% average. Winter wheat planted was 11%, near 9% last year. Spring wheat harvested was 94%, equal to last year, but ahead of 84% average. Barley harvested was 96%, near 98% last year, but ahead of 89% average. Oats harvested was 93% percent, behind 98% last year, but near 89% average. Durum wheat mature was 96%, near 99% last year. Harvested was 87%, ahead of 76% last year, and well ahead of 67% average. Canola harvested was 81% percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 73% average.

 

Ohio

Conditions have been mostly dry with the exception of some scattered rain in some counties thorough out the week. There were 5.5 days available for fieldwork. Crops that haven't reached maturity could still benefit from rain, and the lower temperatures conditions have slowed down crop maturity. The effects of a dry turn after a relatively wet season continue to be evident. Some corn appears to be dying prematurely, most likely from nitrogen loss and shallow roots that were consequences of the extremely wet spring and early summer. Late-season weed escapes presented problems in some soybean fields. Hay fields and pastures seem to be doing well considering the lack of rain and lower temperatures. Other activities for the week included apple harvest, hay cutting, manure application on wheat stubble, mowing, and preparation for fall wheat seedings. Topsoil moisture: 6% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate, 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 5% very short, 22% short, 71% adequate, 2% surplus.

 

Oklahoma

The state received little to no rainfall throughout the past week, with the highest precipitation totals recorded in the Southwest and Southeast districts at one-tenth of an inch. As of Sept. 5, 3% of the state was rated abnormally dry, up 1 point from the previous week. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the low 70s. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Winter wheat planted reached 1%, unchanged from the previous year but down 2 points from normal. Corn dent reached 87%, down 3 points from normal. Corn mature reached 42%, down 8 points from the previous year and down 16 points from normal. Corn harvested reached 9%, up 3 points from the previous year but down 9 points from normal. Sorghum coloring reached 73%, unchanged from normal. Sorghum mature reached 35%, up 2 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 10%, down 2 points from normal. Soybeans blooming reached 89%, unchanged from the previous year but down 5 points from normal. Soybeans setting pods reached 76%, down 6 points from normal. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 13%, up 6 points from normal. Peanuts mature reached 27%, up 3 points from normal. Cotton bolls opening reached 27%, up 9 points from the previous year but down 1 point from normal. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 32% short, 65%adequate, 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 3% very short, 27% short, 70% adequate, 0% surplus.

 

South Dakota

Silage cutting and late-season haying continued under mostly dry conditions last week. Producers began seeding winter wheat in parts of the state. Temperatures were seasonally cool early in the week with light frost reported in low-lying areas of the southwest. Corn and soybean maturity ratings continued to lag behind last year and average. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 18% very short, 28% short, 53% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 27% very short, 33% short, 39% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn condition was 10% very poor, 16% poor, 31% fair, 39% good, and 4% excellent. Corn dough was 97%, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Dented was 60%, well behind 80% last year, and behind 78% average. Corn mature was 4%, behind 17% last year and 21% average. Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 33% fair, 43% good and 7% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 26%, behind 42% last year and 44% average. Sorghum condition rated 15% very poor, 19% poor, 52% fair, 14% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 59%, well behind 85% last year and 83% average. Mature was 10%, behind 28% last year and 18% average. Barley harvested was 76%. Winter wheat planted was 5%, near 6% last year and 9% average.

 

Texas

Last week was relatively dry for most of Texas. The only areas with measurable rainfall were east Texas, south Texas and the Lower Valley. These districts received from 0.2 inch to 1.5 inches of rain, with isolated areas receiving upwards 4 inches. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Winter Wheat seedings started in the Plains and the Edwards Plateau. Oat seedings continued in South Texas and the Blacklands. Cotton development in the Northern High Plains made favorable progress thanks to the warm weather and setting bolls neared completion. Cotton harvest continued in south Texas and the Lower Valley. Corn and soybean harvest continued in the Blacklands and northeast Texas. Some producers reported sorghum fields in the Southern High Plains being infested with sugarcane aphids. Topsoil moisture: 8% very short, 36% short, 48% adequate, 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 8% very short, 32% short, 52% adequate, 8% surplus.

 

Wisconsin

There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Dry and cool conditions continued last week, with overnight temperatures in the 40s statewide. Rains were light and scattered, allowing wet fields to dry, while the southwest continues to need rain. Haying continues, and the oat harvest is moving slow in many areas. Late-planted corn and soybeans were still struggling to mature in some areas. There were some reports of white mold in soybean fields. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 9% short, 83% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 6% short, 86% adequate and 7% surplus. Eighty-six percent of Wisconsin's corn has reached the dough stage or beyond, three days behind the five-year average. Forty-eight percent of the corn has reached the dented stage, seven days behind the average. Corn silage harvest is just getting started. Corn condition was 70% good to excellent, 2 percentage points below last week. Leaves were turning color on 30% of the state's soybean acreage, five days behind the average. There were some reports of soybeans dropping leaves. Soybean condition was rated 77% good to excellent, 2 percentage points above last week. Harvesting of oats for grain was reported at 93% complete, seven days behind the average. Eleven percent of winter wheat was planted, one day ahead of last year.

 

 

 

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