USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Corn Harvest Still Behind Normal Pace; Winter Wheat Condition Below Average

October 30, 2017

OMAHA (DTN) -- The U.S. corn harvest made up some ground last week, but continued to trail the five-year average pace for the week ended Sunday, Oct. 29, according to USDA's latest Crop Progress report released on Monday.

USDA estimated that 54% of corn was harvested as of Sunday, down from 73% a year ago and 18 percentage points behind the five-year average of 72% harvested. That represented a slight improvement from last Monday's report when the corn harvest trailed the average pace by 21 percentage points.

 

"Monday's harvest progress was neutral for corn prices," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

Sixty-six percent of the corn crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition, resulting in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 157, the same as last week.

 

USDA estimated that 83% of the soybean crop was harvested as of Sunday, down slightly from 85% a year ago and near the five-year average of 84% harvested.

 

"Monday's report was neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.

 

Meanwhile, USDA said 84% of winter wheat was planted as of Sunday, down from 85% a year ago and below the five-year average of 87% planted. Sixty-five percent of winter wheat was emerged, down from 69% a year ago and down from a five-year average of 68%.

 

USDA also reported crop conditions for the 2018 winter wheat crop for the first time. Fifty-two percent of winter wheat was rated in good-to-excellent condition, resulting in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 133. DTN's index is down from 148 a year ago and is also below the five-year average of 139.

 

"Monday's new winter wheat crop rating was bullish, while planting progress was neutral for winter wheat prices," Hultman said.

 

Sorghum was 59% harvested, behind the five-year average of 69%.

Cotton was 93% in the bolls opening stage and the crop was 46% harvested nationwide, slightly ahead of the average pace of 45% harvested.

 

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…

 

Colorado

Another warm and dry week helped harvest advance last week. In northeastern counties, reporters noted winter wheat emergence has improved due to recent moisture, but there were concerns about cheat grass invading fields. In southeastern counties, a reporter noted many producers are progressing well with sorghum and corn harvest. Sorghum harvest is one-fourth complete along with corn harvest almost one-third complete, both significantly behind last year's progress. Topsoil moisture 2% very short, 13% short, 82% adequate, 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 3% very short, 17% short, 78% adequate, 2% surplus.

 

Illinois

Harvest continued with cooler temperatures across the state last week. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, the average temperature was 45.5 degrees, 6.3 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.07 inches, 0.52 inch above normal. Topsoil moisture: 3% very short, 16 % short, 75% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 11% very short, 25% short, 61% adequate, and 3% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 73% complete, compared to 84% for the five-year average. Soybean harvest was 86% complete, compared to 87% last year. Winter wheat planted was at 76%, compared to 83% last year. Winter wheat emerged was at 54%, compared to 51% for the five-year average. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 11% short, 76% adequate, 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 5% very short, 18% short, 71% adequate, 6% surplus.

 

Indiana

Wet and cold weather conditions slowed harvest progress. Temperatures dropped significantly from the previous week. There were reports of frost on Thursday, and periods of light snow were mixed with rain showers late in the week. The statewide average temperature was 44.9 degrees, 6.3 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.48 inches, above average by 0.95 inch. There were 3.7 days available for fieldwork last week, down 2.4 days from the previous week. Regionally, corn was 52% harvested for grain in the north, 56% in central, and 77% in the south. Corn rated in good-to-excellent condition was 59% in the north, 54% in central, and 68% in the south. Soybeans were 81% harvested in the north, 84% in central, and 70% in the south. Winter wheat was 85% planted in the north, 78% in central, and 79% in the south. Winter wheat was 58% emerged in the north, 58% in central, and 48% in the south. Winter wheat rated in good to excellent condition were 75% in the north, 74% in central, and 65% in the south. As a result of dry conditions before the rain, harvest was not delayed for long. Soybean harvest is winding down with some reports of completion. Farmers have shifted their focus to corn with the majority of soybeans already harvested. Despite lower than normal temperatures, recent rainfall has helped promote growth of winter wheat, and cover crops.

 

Iowa

A mostly dry week allowed Iowa farmers to progress their harvest with 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Activities for the week included harvesting corn for grain and soybeans, spreading manure, applying fertilizers, hauling grain, and starting fall tillage. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 7% short, 83% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 6% very short, 16% short, 73% adequate and 5% surplus. Nearly a quarter of the corn for grain crop has been harvested this past week reaching 44% complete, but it still remains nearly two weeks behind the five-year average. Moisture content of corn being harvested for grain averaged 19%. East-central and southeast Iowa are the only districts to have over 50% of their corn for grain crop harvested. There were several reports of corn yields being better than expected; however, excessive winds this past week has caused lodging in the fields. Corn condition rated 66% good to excellent. Eighty-three percent of the soybean crop was harvested, six days behind average. Southwest, south-central, and southeast Iowa still has a third or more of their soybean crop to harvest.

 

Kansas

Cool, dry conditions spread across the state last week. Conditions allowed row-crop harvest, wheat seeding and fall calving to progress without interruption. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 1% very short, 17% short, 78% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 2% very short, 20% short, 75% adequate, and 3% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 33% fair, 48% good, and 7% excellent. Winter wheat planted was 84%, behind 91% last year and 93% for the five-year average. Emerged was 57%, behind 73% last year and 75% average. Corn harvested was 78%, behind 92% last year and 89% average. Soybeans harvested was 73%, near 72% last year, and equal to average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 31% fair, 47% good, and 12% excellent. Sorghum mature was 95%, near 98% last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 44%, well behind 69% last year, and behind 60% average. Cotton condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 29% fair, 53% good and 8% excellent. Cotton bolls opening was 93%, near 90% last year and 89% average. Harvested was 12%, equal to last year, and near 16% average.

 

Michigan

There were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. Cooler weather and heavy rains came through the state this past week. Some producers experienced their first frost. The soil moisture was needed in many areas, but wet field conditions limited fieldwork and caused harvest activities to progress slowly. Corn harvest progressed steadily between rains. Consequently, corn harvest advanced 10 percentage points and remained slightly ahead of last year and the five-year average. The soybean harvest neared to completion, but progress was limited due to wet field conditions. Winter wheat continued to emerge in good condition, but cool temperatures slowed germination and growth in some areas. Other fieldwork activities included repairing equipment, applying lime and fertilizer, and performing fall tillage operations. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 3% short, 76% adequate, 21% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 6% very short, 20% short, 63% adequate, 11% surplus.

 

Minnesota

Wintry conditions arrived in Minnesota last week, but despite the weather, farmers were able to harvest nearly one-quarter of the corn for grain acreage. Farmers took advantage of the 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, almost finishing harvest of potatoes, soybeans and sugarbeets. Other field activities for the week included ditch and fence maintenance, fertilizer and manure application, and fall tillage. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 6% short, 78% adequate and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 6% short, 81% adequate and 12% surplus. Corn for grain harvest was in full swing at 38% complete, 15 days behind the five-year average and 12 days behind last year. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 20%. Corn condition rated 82% good to excellent. Ninety-five percent of the soybean acreage had been harvested.

 

Missouri

Cooler temperatures continued and little rain early in the week allowed harvest to continue. Statewide, the temperature averaged 47.8 degrees, 6.0 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.24 inch statewide, 0.41 inch below normal. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil: 5% very short, 18% short, 73% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 6% very short, 25% short, 68% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 80% complete, compared to 87% for the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 97%. Soybean harvest was 63% complete, up 18 percentage points from last week. Cotton harvest was 81% complete, up 18 percentage points from last week. Rice harvest reached 95%. Sorghum harvest was 76% complete. Winter wheat planted reached 55%, compared to 61% for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged reached 35%.

 

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged near normal across western Nebraska, but 2 to 5 degrees below normal in the east. Precipitation was limited across the state. Dry weather allowed farmers to make good progress on corn and soybean harvests. Some producers experienced cornstalk breakage and ear loss due to high winds. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 13% short, 84% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 15% short, 80% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn harvested was 45%, well behind 66% last year and 67% for the five-year average. Soybeans harvested was 89%, equal to last year and near 93% average. Winter wheat planted was 98%, near 99% average, and emerged was 88%, slightly behind 91% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 55% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 47%, well behind 79% last year and 71% average.

 

North Dakota

Dry conditions across the state allowed producers to make harvest progress. Temperatures averaged 1 to 3 degrees above normal across the eastern part of the state, and 1 to 4 degrees below normal in the west. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 10% very short, 31% short, 56% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 13% very short, 29% short, 56% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn harvested was 37%, behind 50% last year and well behind 58% average. Soybeans harvested was 96%, near 97% last year and 94% average. Winter wheat planted was 94%, near 95% last year, and emerged was 87%, near 90% last year. Winter wheat condition was rated 28% good to excellent.

 

Ohio

Showers at the start and end of the week slowed harvest progress. Overall, there were 3.7 days available for fieldwork for the week. Frost affected much of the state in the middle of the week. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 8% short, 84% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 3% very short, 15% short, 78% adequate and 4% surplus. Corn was 48% harvested, behind the average of 61%. Average grain moisture for corn harvested was 18%. Soybeans were 85% harvested, ahead of the average of 81%. Average soybean moisture was 12%. Winter wheat was 91% planted, ahead of the average of 88%, and 70% of the crop was emerged, also ahead of the average of 61%. Winter wheat condition was rated 90% good to excellent.

 

Oklahoma

Oklahoma received little to no rainfall over the past week. The highest precipitation totals were recorded in the southeast districts at one one-hundredth of an inch. As of Oct. 24, drought conditions were rated 3% moderate drought to exceptional, down 9 points from the previous week and down 22 points from the previous year. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the low 50s. Topsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 16% short, 81% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 14% short, 83% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested reached 84%, down 7 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 59%, down 12 points from normal. Soybeans harvested reached 46%, unchanged from normal. Cotton harvested reached 32%, down 3 points from the previous year but up 1 point from normal. Winter wheat planted reached 83%, down 8 points from normal. Winter wheat emerged reached 70%, down 5 points from normal. Canola planted reached 95%, down 3 points from normal. Canola emerged reached 77%, down 8 points from normal. Oats planted reached 50%, down 1 point from the previous year but up 4 points from normal.

 

South Dakota

Soybean harvest neared completion following a mostly dry week. Corn harvest remained behind average. In-field dry-down was an issue in some parts of South Dakota. Temperatures were near normal for most of the state. However, the coldest air of the season was felt in many locations late in the week, as morning lows fell into the teens and 20s. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 22% short, 61% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 23% very short, 27% short, 49% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested was 35%, well behind 60% last year and 66% for the five-year average. Soybeans harvested was 96%, near 94% last year and 95% average. Winter wheat emerged was 91%, well ahead of 71% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 17% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 58%, well behind 89% last year and 78% average.

 

Texas

A strong cold front hit Texas last week, resulting in freezing temperatures in the Plains and a few other areas. Some cotton producers reported freeze damage. The biggest rain concentration was reported in the Upper Coast and southeast Texas with an average precipitation between 0.5 inch and 1.5 inches. Most of the rest of the state recorded no precipitation, up to trace amounts. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 6% very short, 42% short and 52% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated 10% very short, 31% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus. The state's corn crop was 88% harvested as of Sunday, equal to the average pace. Ninety percent of cotton had bolls opening, slightly behind the average of 93%, and 37% of cotton was harvested, slightly ahead of the average of 35%. Sorghum was 82% harvested, slightly ahead of the average pace of 78%. Soybeans were 89% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average of 80%. Winter wheat was 79% planted, near the average of 77%, and 60% of the crop was emerged, also near the average of 58%. Winter wheat condition was rated 43% good to excellent.

 

Wisconsin

Most of the state experienced its first hard freeze of the season last week. Rainy, overcast conditions and scattered snow flurries slowed fieldwork, particularly in northern Wisconsin. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% short, 86% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 9% short, 85% adequate and 5% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 25% complete, 15 days behind the average. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain averaged 23%. Soybean harvest was reported at 80% complete, two days behind the average. Ninety-two percent of Wisconsin's winter wheat acres were planted, two days ahead of last year. Winter wheat emerged was reported at 77% complete, four days ahead of last year. Winter wheat condition was reported at 85% good to excellent, 2 percentage points above the previous week.

 

 

 

 

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