USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Corn Harvest Makes Up More Ground

OMAHA (DTN) -- The U.S. corn harvest made up more ground last week, jumping ahead 16 percentage points from the previous week, according to USDA's latest Crop Progress report released on Monday.

USDA estimated that 70% of corn was harvested as of Sunday, Nov. 5, down from 84% a year ago and also 13 percentage points behind the five-year average of 83% harvested. That represented a continued improvement from last Monday's report when the corn harvest trailed the average pace by 18 percentage points.

"Monday's harvest progress was neutral for corn prices," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

USDA said the soybean crop was 90% harvested, down from 92% a year ago and down from a five-year average of 91% harvested.

"Monday's report was neutral for soybeans," Hultman said.

Meanwhile, USDA said 91% of winter wheat was planted, up from 90% a year ago and even with the five-year average of 91% planted. Seventy-five percent of winter wheat was emerged, down from 78% a year ago and down from a five-year average of 77%.

USDA also said 55% of the winter wheat crop was rated good to excellent, resulting in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 140, up 7 points from last week. DTN's index is down from 148 a year ago and is a little above the five-year average of 138.

"Monday's report was neutral for winter wheat prices," Hultman said.

Sorghum was 72% harvested, behind the five-year average of 78%.

Cotton was 96% in the bolls opening stage and the crop was 54% harvested nationwide, near the average pace of 55% harvested.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states.

Colorado

Cool and drier weather continued to accelerate harvest of several crops last week. In northeastern counties, reporters noted harvest picked up for several crops, but winter wheat emergence slowed due to cooler temperatures and short days. There is some concern wheat fields might blow more this winter due to short cover. A reporter noted that lack of moisture continues to be a problem for rangeland conditions in these areas. Southwestern counties last week were again noted to be abnormally dry for this time of year, which is concerning. In southeastern counties, harvest slowed slightly during cool and damp days, but reportedly progressed well where conditions allowed. Corn was 50% harvested by week's end, still behind last year and the average. Topsoil moisture: 1% very short, 15% short, 84% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 3% very short, 16% short, 80% adequate and 1% surplus.

Illinois

Illinois experienced cooler and dryer temperatures last week. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. Statewide, the average temperature was 46.0 degrees, 3.0 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.51 inch, 0.41 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 14% short, 75% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 8% very short, 21% short, 69% adequate, and 2% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 83% complete, compared to 91% for the five-year average. Soybean harvest was 92% complete, compared to 94% last year. Winter wheat planted was at 90%, compared to 92% last year. Winter wheat emerged was at 73%, compared to 70% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 7% very poor, 5% poor, 28% fair, 46% good and 14% excellent.

Indiana

Heavy rains during the latter part of the week slowed harvest progress. Low temperatures early in the week brought reports of frost and light snow to some areas, while thunderstorms carried in warmer weather later in the week. There were isolated reports of tornadoes on Sunday; crop damage was still being assessed. The statewide average temperature was 48.3 degrees, 1.2 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.21 inches, above average by 0.76 inch. There were 3.3 days available for fieldwork last week, down 0.4 day from the previous week. Regionally, corn was 64% harvested for grain in the north, 69% in central, and 80% in the south. Soybeans were 87% harvested in the north, 87% in central, and 75% in the south. Winter wheat was 91% planted in the north, 86% in central, and 83% in the south. Winter wheat was 72% emerged in the north, 69% in central, and 61% in the south. Winter wheat rated in good-to-excellent condition were 79% in the north, 73% in central, and 65% in the south. Soybean harvest inched closer to completion early in the week before wet conditions forced farmers to focus on corn harvest. While warmer temperatures brought in with the rain were expected to be beneficial for planted winter wheat, torrential downpours on Sunday were expected to halt field activity for a few days. Livestock were reported in good condition, although the rain caused muddy conditions in feedlots. Other activities for the week included drying and hauling grain to elevators, application of fall fertilizer, and fall tillage. Topsoil moisture: 1% very short, 5% short, 65% adequate and 29% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 2% very short, 11% short, 69% adequate and 18% surplus.

Iowa

Dry weather allowed many Iowa farmers to make good progress with harvest last week. Statewide, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities this week included drying and hauling grain, baling corn stalks, tillage, and applying manure and fertilizers. Topsoil moisture: 3% very short, 8% short, 83% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 6% very short, 17% short, 72% adequate and 5% surplus. Sixty-seven percent of the corn for grain crop has been harvested, nine days behind the five-year average. Moisture content of corn being harvested for grain averaged 17%. Farmers in all nine Iowa districts have completed harvest of over half of their corn for grain crop with southeast Iowa farmers leading the way with 77% harvested. Ninety-two percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, three days behind last year and six days behind average.

Kansas

Below-normal temperatures were recorded across the majority of the state last week. Light snow and rain were reported in some areas, but had little impact on harvest progress. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture: 2% very short, 20% short, 76% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 3% very short, 21% short, 75% adequate, and 1% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 30% fair, 52% good and 7% excellent. Winter wheat planted was 93%, near 95% last year and 97% for the five-year average. Emerged was 73%, behind 83% last year and 85% average. Corn harvested was 88%, behind 96% last year and 9% average. Soybeans harvested was 85%, equal to last year, and near 84% average. Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 30% fair, 50% good, and 10% excellent. Sorghum harvested was 63%, behind 81% last year and 74% average. Cotton condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 27% fair, 59% good, and 11% excellent. Cotton bolls opening was 97%, near 94% both last year and average. Harvested was 17%, near 20% last year, and behind 27% average.

Michigan

There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Heavy rainfall throughout the week slowed harvest of many crops. Some producers in northern Michigan received a few inches of snow. Corn and soybean harvest continued in between rain events. Hay third and fourth cutting were progressing slowly. The ground was too wet this past week for much fieldwork activities. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 0% short, 51% adequate, 49% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 2% very short, 10% short, 63% adequate, 25% surplus.

Minnesota

Despite cold temperatures and accumulated snow, Minnesota farmers were able to harvest 22% of the state's corn acreage. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork that were utilized for harvesting crops, spreading manure and working on fall tillage. Topsoil moisture: 0% very short, 2% short, 83% adequate and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture: 1% very short, 5% short, 82% adequate and 12% surplus. Corn for grain harvest advanced 22 percentage points, but remained 12 days behind the five-year average, bringing the total harvest to 60% complete. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 19%.

Missouri

Cool temperatures and little precipitation in the week allowed harvest to progress. Statewide, the temperature averaged 48.0 degrees, 2.7 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.26 inch statewide, 0.92 inch below normal. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending Nov. 5. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 5% very short, 17% short, 72% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 6% very short, 19% short, 73% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 87% complete, compared to 92% for the five-year average. Soybean harvest was 77% complete, up 14 percentage points from last week. Cotton harvest was 89% complete, compared to 73% for the five-year average. Sorghum harvest was 85% complete. Winter wheat planted reached 69%, compared to 75% for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged reached 47%. Winter wheat condition was rated 64% good to excellent.

Nebraska

Temperatures averaged 2 to 8 degrees below normal last week. Precipitation was limited across the State. Dry weather allowed farmers to complete most of the soybean harvest and corn harvest advanced rapidly. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 18% short, 79% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 19% short, 76% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn harvested was 68%, behind 82% last year and 81% for the five-year average. Soybeans harvested was 95%, equal to last year, and near 98% average. Winter wheat condition rated 62% good to excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 93%, near 97% last year and 95% average. Sorghum condition rated 79% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 66%, well behind 90% last year, and behind 84% average. Proso millet harvested was 96%.

North Dakota

Harvest activities were halted in many areas last week as significant snowfall amounts were received. The northern half of North Dakota received snowfall amounts ranging from 6 to 12 inches. In addition to the snow, cold temperatures caused producers to end all other fall field work. Temperatures averaged 6 to 12 degrees below normal. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 32% short, 54% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 16% very short, 31% short, 52% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn condition was rated 54% good to excellent. Corn harvested was 59%, behind 68% last year and 73% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 29% good to excellent. Winter wheat planted was 96%, near 98% last year. Emerged was 92%, near 93% last year.

Ohio

Field conditions are extremely wet following storm activity on Sunday. There were 2.9 days available for field work last week. Rain and cold weather throughout the week slowed harvest progress, but fields dried out sufficiently by Thursday to allow for some activities to take place before Sunday's rain arrived, including fall tillage, manure-spreading and cover-crop seeding. Average grain moisture for corn harvested was 18% and soybean moisture was 13%. Severe storms on Sunday put many crop fields and pastures under water. Wind damage from tornadoes was also reported in isolated areas. Crop damage was still being assessed, but there were reports of flooding in wheat fields and corn stands impacted by water and high winds. Growers expected it to take several days for fields to dry out before corn and soybean harvest could continue. Topsoil moisture was rated 0% very short, 2% short, 52% adequate and 46% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 7% short, 65% adequate and 27% surplus. Corn mature was rated 92% complete compared to the 96% for the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain was rated 60%, up from 48% last week. Soybeans harvested was rated 90%, up from 85% last week. Winter wheat planted reached 94%, compared to 91% last week. Winter wheat emerged reached 82%. Corn was rated 70% good to excellent.

Oklahoma

The state continued to receive little rainfall with the highest precipitation total recorded in the southeast district. As of Oct. 31, drought conditions were rated 3% moderate drought to exceptional, unchanged from the previous week and down 33 points from the previous year. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the mid-50s. Topsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 28% short and 70% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 23% short and 75% adequate. Winter wheat planted reached 90%, down 5 points from normal, and emerged reached 78%, down 6 points from normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 42% good to excellent. Canola emerged reached 85%, down 7 points from normal. Rye emerged reached 90%, down 2 points from normal. Oats planted reached 55%, up 2 points from normal, and oats emerged reached 30%, down 11 points from normal. Corn harvested reached 90%, down 6 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 69%, down 11 points from normal. Soybeans harvested reached 67%, up 6 points from normal. Cotton harvested reached 40%, down 3 points from normal.

South Dakota

Corn harvest advanced and soybean harvest ended for most producers last week. Producers continued to contend with strong winds and below-normal temperatures. The week was generally dry for most of the state, with rain and snow falling in southwest and northeast South Dakota at week's end. Producers continued late-season fertilizer application and tillage in some locations. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 23% short, 61% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 21% very short, 28% short, 49% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn harvested was 61%, behind 80% for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged was 95%, ahead of 80% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 19% good to excellent. Sorghum harvested was 73%, behind 87% average. Sorghum harvested was 73%, behind 87% average.

Texas

Average temperatures increased from the previous week across most of the state last week. Rainfall ranged from 0.5 inch to 1.5 inches in east Texas and the Upper Coast, with isolated areas receiving upwards of 3.0 inches. Most of the rest of the state recorded no precipitations up to trace amounts. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 10% very short, 49% short, 40% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 12% very short, 38% short, 48% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn was 92% harvested, near the average of 93%. Ninety-three percent of cotton had bolls opening, slightly behind the average of 95%, and 44% of cotton was harvested, equal to the average pace. Sorghum was 84% harvested, ahead of the average of 82%. Soybeans were 92% harvested, ahead of the average of 82%. Winter wheat was 85% planted, ahead of the average of 83%, and 69% of winter wheat was emerged, also ahead of the average pace of 67%. Winter wheat conditions were rated 49% good to excellent. Oats were 94% planted and 69% emerged.

Wisconsin

Fieldwork moved slowly across the state last week due to cold, rainy, and overcast conditions. Temperatures were below normal statewide with lows dipping into the 20s. Northern Wisconsin received snow on multiple days ranging from light flurries to several inches of accumulation in some areas. Reporters noted that standing grain moistures were high in both the corn and soybeans. Many producers reported they were waiting for grain moistures to drop before combining, especially in the northern portions of the state. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 7% short, 81% adequate and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 9% short, 82% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn harvested for grain was 37% complete, 14 days behind the average. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain was reported at 22%. Soybean harvest was reported at 86% complete, five days behind the average. Ninety-six percent of Wisconsin's winter wheat acres were planted, two days ahead of last year. Winter wheat emerged was reported at 84% complete, three days ahead of last year. Winter wheat condition was reported 87% good to excellent, 2 percentage points above the previous week.

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