USDA Crop Progress - Corn, Soybean Conditions Decline
OMAHA (DTN) -- Good-to-excellent condition ratings for both corn and soybeans declined nationwide last week, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.
NASS estimated that 72% of the nation's corn was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 15, down 3 percentage points from 75% the previous week.
"Hot and dry weather increased poor-to-very-poor ratings from Missouri to Texas," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "Michigan is also experiencing dry weather with 20% of their corn crop rated poor or very poor."
Corn development continued to run well ahead of the average pace with NASS estimating that 63% of the crop was silking as of Sunday, 26 percentage points ahead of 37% for both last year and the five-year average.
Soybean condition also declined last week. The crop was rated 69% good to excellent on Sunday, down 2 percentage points from 71% the previous week. Poor-to-very-poor ratings increased in Missouri, Kansas and Michigan.
"Good-to-excellent ratings for both corn and soybeans are not as good as those seen in 2016, but are still significantly higher than a year ago," Hultman said.
Like corn, soybean development was also running well ahead of normal, with NASS estimating 65% of the crop blooming as of Sunday, 20 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 45%.
Twenty-six percent of soybeans were estimated to be setting pods, 15 percentage points ahead of the five-year average pace of 11%.
Meanwhile, NASS estimated that 74% of winter wheat was harvested as of Sunday, equal to last year's pace of 74%, but slightly ahead of the five-year average of 71%.
Spring wheat was 93% headed as of Sunday, ahead of the last year's 89% and also ahead of the five-year average of 85%. The condition of the crop held steady from the previous week at 80% good to excellent. That's still the highest good-to-excellent rating for spring wheat for this time of year since 2010, Hultman noted.
Sorghum was 31% headed, equal to last year and near the five-year average of 32%. Sorghum coloring was 19%, near 20% for both last year and the five-year average. Sorghum condition slipped again from 51% good to excellent the previous week to 47% last week.
Barley was 90% headed as of Sunday, ahead of 87% last year and also ahead of the average pace of 88%. Oats were 96% headed, equal to last year and near the average pace of 95%. Sixteen percent of oats were harvested as of Sunday, ahead of 13% last year and also ahead of the five-year average of 14%.
Rice was 32% headed as of Sunday, near 31% last year and slightly ahead of the average of 29%. Cotton was 72% squaring, ahead of the average of 70%. Thirty-one percent of cotton was setting bolls, also ahead of the average pace of 24%. Cotton condition held steady last week while rice's good-to-excellent rating dropped 3 percentage points.