USDA Crop Progress - Corn, Soybean Conditions Steady

OMAHA (DTN) -- Good-to-excellent condition ratings for the nation's corn and soybeans were both unchanged last week, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

NASS estimated that 72% of the nation's corn was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 29, the same as the previous week. Soybean condition was rated 70% good to excellent, also the same as the previous week.

"Poor-to-very-poor conditions for corn increased in Missouri to 31%, up from 21% last week," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "A similar worsening of soybean crop conditions was seen in Missouri."

Nationwide, both corn and soybeans continued to progress at a faster-than-normal pace. Corn silking was estimated at 91%, 9 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 82%. Thirty-eight percent of corn was in the dough stage, 18 percentage points ahead of the average of 20%.

Meanwhile, soybeans were 86% blooming as of Sunday, 9 percentage points ahead of the average of 77%, and 60% of soybeans were setting pods, 19 percentage points ahead of the average of 41%.

NASS estimated that 85% of winter wheat was harvested as of Sunday, behind last year's pace of 87%, but near the five-year average of 86%. Nebraska and South Dakota were 89% and 79% harvested, respectively, Hultman noted.

Spring wheat harvest also began last week, mostly in South Dakota, with USDA estimating that 4% of the crop was harvested nationwide as of Sunday, behind last year's 8% but equal to the five-year average.

"USDA ignored last week's spring wheat tour and lowered the good-to-excellent rating for U.S. spring wheat just 1 percentage point, from 79% to 78%," Hultman said.

Sorghum was 54% headed as of Sunday, ahead of 47% last year and also ahead of the five-year average of 50%. Sorghum coloring was 26%, ahead of 23% last year but near the five-year average of 27%. Sorghum condition was rated 52% good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from 49% the previous week.

Barley was 97% headed as of Sunday, slightly behind 99% last year and near the average pace of 98%. Two percent of barley was harvested as of Sunday, behind 5% last year and also behind the average of 6%. Barley condition was down 1 percentage point to 80% good to excellent last week. Oats were 38% harvested as of Sunday, ahead of 33% for last year and also ahead of the five-year average of 35%. Oat's good-to-excellent condition rating declined by 1 percentage point.

Rice was 64% headed as of Sunday, ahead of 62% last year and well ahead of the average of 54%. Cotton was 88% squaring, near the average of 89%. Forty-nine percent of cotton was setting bolls, near the average pace of 48%. Cotton's good-to-excellent condition rating was up 4 percentage points while rice's good-to-excellent rating was down 2 percentage points.

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