USDA Crop Progress - Soybean Harvest Speeds Up, But Still Behind Average

OMAHA (DTN) -- The nation's soybean harvest picked up speed last week, while the percentage of corn harvested ended the week equal to the five-year average, USDA's National Ag Statistics Service said in its weekly Crop Progress report on Monday.

As of Sunday, Oct. 28, 72% of the nation's soybeans were harvested, up 19 percentage points from the previous week but still 9 percentage points behind the five-year average of 81%. That was an improvement from the previous week when harvest lagged the average pace by 16 points.

"Judging by the slower pace of harvest, several states appear to have troubled areas, including Iowa, Kansas, Arkansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Wisconsin and the Dakotas," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "Soybean crop quality remains a concern in late 2018."

Corn harvest ended the week at 63% complete, up 14 percentage points from the previous week but equal to the five-year average of 63%. That compares to the previous week when harvest was 2 percentage points ahead of normal.

"Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Missouri and Ohio are above their five-year average paces," Hultman said. "Iowa, Nebraska and the Dakotas are below their five-year paces with Iowa corn 49% harvested."

NASS is no longer reporting condition ratings for corn and soybeans for the 2018 growing season.

Meanwhile, winter wheat planting was 78% complete as of Sunday, behind 83% last year at the same time and also behind the five-year average of 85%. Winter wheat emerged, at 63%, was equal to last year's pace but behind the average pace of 67%.

"Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas remain below their usual planting paces at 76%, 78% and 67% planted, respectively," Hultman said. "Nebraska, Colorado and South Dakota are all in the mid-90s, nearly finished."

NASS reported winter wheat condition for the 2019 crop for the first time on Monday, estimating 53% of wheat nationwide in good-to-excellent condition. That's 1 percentage point above last year's rating at the same time of 52% good to excellent.

Fifty-three percent of the sorghum crop was harvested as of Sunday, behind 57% last year and 13 percentage points behind the five-year average of 66%.

Ninety-six percent of rice was harvested as of Sunday, behind last year's 99% and also behind the five-year average of 98%.

Ninety-one percent of cotton had bolls opening as of Sunday, behind the average of 94%. Forty-four percent of cotton was harvested, near last year's 45% and also near of the average pace of 43%.

Cotton condition improved slightly from 34% good to excellent the previous week to 35% last week.

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