OMAHA (DTN) -- Row-crop development remained behind the five-year average pace last week, while little change was seen in crop conditions, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday.
Nearly all of the corn -- 98% -- that farmers managed to plant this year had emerged as of Sunday, July 7. However, only 8% of the crop was silking, well behind 34% at the same time last year and also behind the five-year average of 22%.
Corn condition, estimated at 57% good to excellent, was up 1 percentage point from 56% the previous week. That fell within trade expectations of 57%-58%, said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.
"Key states with the best corn condition ratings included North Dakota at 79% good to excellent, Nebraska at 76% and Minnesota at 60%," Mantini said. "Some notable bad states were Illinois at 37% good to excellent, Indiana at 38%, Ohio at 34%, Missouri at 28% and Michigan at 46%."
Like corn, soybeans also lagged behind the average pace of development last week. NASS estimated that 96% of intended soybean acres were planted as of Sunday, 3 percentage points behind the five-year average of 99%.
An estimated 90% of soybeans were emerged, 8 percentage points behind average. Ten percent of soybeans were blooming, well behind 44% last year and 22 percentage points behind the five-year average of 32%.
"Soybean blooming in Illinois and Indiana was at 2% and 1% compared to averages of 34% and 32%, respectively," Mantini said. "Minnesota soybeans were 3% blooming versus a five-year average of 28%."
The soybean crop's good-to-excellent rating dipped by 1 percentage point, from 54% the previous week to 53% last week. That was below trade expectations for 55%-56% good to excellent and well under last year's 71% good-to-excellent rating, Mantini noted.
"States with the worst good-to-excellent soybean ratings included Ohio at 28%, Illinois at 38%, Indiana at 37% and Missouri at 35%. The states with the best good-to-excellent ratings were Nebraska at 73%, North Dakota at 69% and Iowa at 64%," Mantini said.
Winter wheat harvest continued to roll along, jumping ahead another 17 percentage points to reach 47% complete as of Sunday. However, harvest was still behind last year's 61% and the five-year average pace of 61%. Kansas' wheat harvest was 61% done versus 84% average, Oklahoma was 95% done, Texas was 81% done, Illinois was 74% done, Indiana's harvest was 61% finished and Arkansas' winter wheat was 98% harvested.
Sixty-four percent of the winter wheat remaining in fields was rated in good-to-excellent condition, up 1 percentage points from 63% the previous week.
Fifty-six percent of the spring wheat crop was headed, up 31 percentage points from the previous week. However, heading was still well behind last year's 78% and the five-year average of 73%.
"Minnesota spring wheat was 75% headed versus an average of 81%, North Dakota was 55% versus 71% average and Montana was only 36% versus an average of 59%," Mantini said.
Spring wheat condition was rated 78% good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from the previous week's 75% good to excellent. Leading the pack in good-to-excellent ratings were Minnesota at 83% and North Dakota at 82%, Mantini noted.
Sorghum was 97% planted, compared to 100% last year and a five-year average of 99%. Twenty-two percent of sorghum was headed, 4 percentage points behind the five-year average of 26%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 13%, slightly behind the average of 16%. Oats were 74% headed, behind the average of 90%.
Cotton squaring reached 47% as of Sunday, behind of the average pace of 54%. Cotton setting bolls was 13%, slightly behind the average of 16%. Cotton condition was rated 54% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week. Sixteen percent of rice was headed, behind the average of 22%.