Crop Progress - State Stories

COLORADO: This report for Colorado is for the week ending March 29, 2020. Topsoil moisture 12% very short, 22% short, 65% adequate, 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture 8% very short, 24% short, 67% adequate, 1% surplus. Barley planted 8%, 2% 2019, 4% avg. Winter wheat pastured 8%, 21% 2019, 12% avg; jointed 1%, 1% 2019; 1% avg; Winter wheat condition 11% very poor, 16% poor, 22% fair, 45% good, 6% excellent. Cows calved 62%, 55% 2019, 55% avg. Ewes lambed 58%, 53% 2019, 46% avg. Livestock condition 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 60% good, 8% excellent. Cattle death loss 72% avg, 28% light. Sheep death loss 49% avg, 51% light. Pasture and range condition 4% very poor, 9% poor, 30% fair, 51% good, 6% excellent. Feed and concentrate supplies 1% very short, 8% short, 76% adequate, 15% surplus. Spring fieldwork picked up in several localities last week amidst mostly dry and windy conditions. Much of the State, except central counties, was experiencing abnormally to severe drought conditions, according to the latest U.S. Drought Monitor report. In northeastern counties, received moisture aided non-irrigated crop and rangeland conditions. Local reports noted winter wheat stands in areas were filling in and showing good growth. Crop producers were busy preparing for spring planting and livestock producers continued to benefit from mild weather. Concerns were noted for rangeland moisture needs going forward. In east central counties, high winds depleted soil moisture supplies and damaged winter wheat stands in areas. Reports noted winter wheat growth was behind normal due to long-term lack of moisture. In the San Luis Valley, no moisture was received last week and windy conditions were noted. Barley planting progressed in some localities while others had not yet started. Other spring field operations continued. Livestock were reportedly in good condition. In southeastern counties, reports noted no moisture was received and high winds prevailed. Although pastures were beginning to green up, growth was slow. Both winter wheat and rangeland need significant moisture moving forward to sustain growth. As of March 27, 2020, snowpack in Colorado was 109 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were both 100 percent.

IDAHO: Much of the State was still reporting cool to very cold weather. Benewah, Kootenai, and Boundary Counties all reported warm spring conditions. Some producers were out fertilizing and planting. Pastures were greening up. The soil conditions were favorable for farmers to get into their fields much earlier than usual. Spring calving was underway. In Jerome and Twin Falls Counties the weather remained cool. Spring cereal planting continued. Winter wheat looked good with no reported winter damage. Higher elevations remained under snow. Major activities included tillage, planting, hauling manure, burning ditches and aerating alfalfa fields. Winter vole damage was observed. In Clark and Fremont Counties it remained very cold. They had recently gotten the snow off the lower end of those counties, however there were still storms hitting the upper ends. Calving was in full swing and was winding down for most ranchers. Teton County reported there was still a lot of snow.

MONTANA: This report for Montana is for the entire month of March 2020. Topsoil moisture 10% short, 72% adequate, 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture 1% very short, 5% short, 71% adequate, 23% surplus. Winter wheat - condition 2% poor, 48% fair, 48% good, 2% excellent. Winter wheat – wind damage 23% none, 53% light, 20% moderate, 4% heavy. Winter wheat – freeze and drought damage 33% none, 42% light, 25% moderate. Winter wheat – protectiveness of snow cover 46% very poor, 31% poor, 12% fair, 9% good, 2% excellent. Livestock grazing accessibility – 47% open, 16% difficult, 37% closed. Livestock receiving supplemental feed – cattle and calves 94% fed. Livestock receiving supplemental feed – sheep and lambs 98% fed. Cows calved 30%. Ewes lambed 25%. The month of March produced warm winter conditions with above average temperatures across the State of Montana, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Reporters in Chouteau and Phillips counties noted it has been an unusual winter, with unseasonably warm temperatures and rapidly melting snow cover that could delay planting due to the increase of soil moisture.

NEVADA: Topsoil moisture 5% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture 5% very short, 20% short, 70% adequate and 5% surplus. Temperatures for the month averaged 41.9 degrees, 0.8 degrees above below normal. Statewide average precipitation was 0.87 inches. NEVADA: Topsoil moisture 5% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture 5% very short, 20% short, 70% adequate and 5% surplus. Temperatures for the month averaged 41.9 degrees, 0.8 degrees above below normal. Statewide average precipitation was 0.87 inches.

OREGON: The Statewide temperatures in Oregon for the month of March were near normal to below average throughout the State. Some storm activity brought added moisture to a good portion of the State in late March. The western half of the State was noticeably drier than average for the month of March. In the northern coastal region of Oregon, Polk County reported fewer disease and pest issues. Pasture grasses were adequate. The grass growth stayed ahead of the grazing. Fresh market farm irrigation was required in high tunnels due to fast growth. Transplanting was observed in cabbage, broccoli, kale, and chard. Field work started early in Clackamas County, but moisture late in the month put a damper on the amount of work accomplished. Organic dairy cows were put out to pasture. Mild conditions allowed some manure applications on pastures. Elsewhere in northern Oregon, cover crops on corn silage fields looked well established. Some spring grain went in before the weather returned to a typical wet cycle in late March. In north central Oregon, conditions were dry and windy for most of March. Producers planted some spring wheat and barley. Calving conditions remained good. In northeastern Oregon, a small amount of stripe rust was observed on winter wheat. Most acres received fungicide with spring herbicide application. Downy brome in winter wheat appeared better controlled than in the 2019 crop year. Winter canola was doing very well. In southwestern Oregon, field crops appeared to be in good shape. Orchard crops were pushing buds and flowering about 2-3 weeks earlier than average. Bartlett and D ‘Anjou varieties were blooming. Apples were in the pink and pre-pink stage with early to mid-season varieties. Plums finished blooming and look to have an average set. Many peaches had mostly finished bloom. Bee activity in the mid to late day looked good after the cold morning warm up. Blueberry fields were about 7-10 days away from flowers opening and looked like a potentially very good bloom. Raspberry and blackberry fields were still in early bud break. In south central and southeastern Oregon, most irrigation districts were adequate, but behind last year’s growing season. In the North Unit Irrigation District in Jefferson County 25% of the acres will be fallowed. Less hemp acres were planned for the 2020 crop.

UTAH: This report for Utah is for the entire month of March, 2020. Topsoil moisture 4% very short, 10% short, 79% adequate, and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture 19% short, 76% adequate, and 5% surplus. Pasture and range condition 14% poor, 35% fair, 48% good, 3% excellent. Winter wheat condition 3% very poor, 15% poor, 30% fair, 46% good, and 6% excellent. Barley planted 3%. Hay and roughage supplies 3% short, 85% adequate, 12% surplus. Stock water supplies 12% short, 81% adequate, 7% surplus. Cattle and calves condition 19% fair, 75% good, 6% excellent. Sheep and lambs condition 2% poor, 27% fair, 63% good, 8% excellent. Livestock receiving supplemental feed for cattle 86%. Livestock receiving supplemental feed for sheep 51%. Cows calved 32%. Ewes lambed-farm flock 32%. Ewes lambed-range flock 4%. Mild winter temperatures along with isolated snow storms occurred throughout the State for the month of March. Sevier County reports dry winter conditions, but good snow pack in the mountains. Box Elder County reports producers are applying fertilizers to fields, and planting onions and small grain crops. Beaver, Box Elder, Garfield, and Kane Counties report livestock producers are busy with calving and lambing.

WASHINGTON: Western Washington precipitation was below average in March. It was mild and dry across many counties in western Washington. Spring field preparation was under way. In Lewis, Grays Harbor, and Pacific Counties the weather had been erratic. Producers were spreading as much fertilizer as possible between the rain and hail. Winter calving was almost finished and spring calving had not started. Producers were anxious to start chopping haylage because dairy-quality organic hay had been difficult to find. In Thurston County the grass was not as green as producers were expecting. Jefferson County saw a lot of flooding due to increased rain activity in the later part of the month. In San Juan County some no-till drill pasture seeding had been attempted. Central Washington was dry. In Klickitat County there was very little pasture growing. The soil temperature remained low in Adams County because natural moisture was below average. In eastern Washington the winter wheat was in mostly good condition. Overall the conditions were average in eastern Washington.

WYOMING: This report for Wyoming is for the entire month of March 2020. Topsoil moisture 1% very short, 8% short, 83% adequate, 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture 4% very short, 9% short, 81% adequate, 6% surplus. Winter wheat condition 3% very poor, 3% poor, 20% fair, 67% good, 7% excellent. Barley planted 20%. Calving progress 21% cows calved. Sheep and lamb progress 10% ewes lambed. Sheep and lamb shorn progress 32% shorn. Hay and roughage supplies 2% very short, 10% short, 87% adequate, 5% surplus. Livestock condition 1% very poor, 1% poor, 7% fair, 90% good, 1% excellent. Stock water supplies 1% very short, 3% short, 94% adequate, 2% surplus. Pasture and range condition 6% very poor, 15% poor, 31% fair, 47% good, 1% excellent. Cattle death loss 45% average, 55% light. Sheep death loss 1% heavy, 69% average, 30% light. Winter wheat condition is mostly good to fair and pasture and range is rated mostly good to fair. Temperatures were above normal for most of the State and topsoil moisture levels have gotten slightly wetter across the State from last month.

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