OMAHA (DTN) -- U.S. corn planting steadily moved toward the finish line while soybean planting reached the three-quarters finished mark last week, USDA NASS said in its weekly Crop Progress report on Monday.
NASS estimated that 93% of the nation's intended corn crop was planted as of Sunday, May 31, a gain of 5 percentage points last week. This year's current progress is 29 percentage points ahead of last year at the same time and 4 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 89%.
"The only states lagging their five-year averages in corn planting are North Dakota, Michigan, Kentucky and Tennessee," said DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman.
Seventy-eight percent of corn had emerged, 36 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the average pace of 73%.
NASS estimated that 74% of the corn crop was rated in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, up 4 percentage points from the previous week, but down from 79% at about the same time in 2018.
Meanwhile, soybean planting moved ahead 10 percentage points last week to reach 75% complete as of Sunday. That put this year's current progress 39 percentage points ahead of last year's pace and 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 68%.
"North Dakota was the farthest behind its usual pace in soybean planting, at 51% planted," Hultman said.
Soybean emergence was estimated at 52% as of Sunday, well ahead of last year's 17% and also ahead of the five-year average of 44%.
In its first soybean condition report of the season, NASS estimated that 70% of the crop was in good-to-excellent condition, down from 75% in 2018.
Spring wheat planting continued to close the gap between this year's progress and the five-year average. An estimated 91% of the crop was planted as of Sunday, 1 percentage point ahead of last year and just 5 percentage points behind the five-year average of 96%.
"Key spring wheat producer North Dakota was 85% planted, 10 points behind average, while Minnesota was 97% planted," noted DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.
Spring wheat emergence jumped to 67% last week, ahead of last year's 63% but 13 percentage points behind the average of 80%.
In its first spring wheat condition report of the season, NASS estimated that 80% of the crop was in good-to-excellent condition.
After rising the previous week, winter wheat conditions fell last week. NASS estimated that 51% of the nation's winter wheat was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, down 3 percentage points from 54% the previous week. The current good-to-excellent rating is below last year's 64%.
"Condition ratings in some key winter-wheat-producing states were Kansas at 42% good to excellent with 25% very poor to poor, and Illinois at 56% good to excellent and 14% very poor to poor," Mantini said. "Montana wheat condition was 80% good to excellent, Nebraska was 64% good to excellent and Oklahoma was 56% good to excellent. Colorado's wheat crop continues to be in the poorest condition, with 31% good to excellent and 41% very poor to poor."
Seventy-seven percent of winter wheat was headed at the end of last week compared to 73% last year at the same time and a five-year average of 81%. Notable laggards were Michigan, with just 20% headed, 10 points behind average; Nebraska at 41% headed versus 66% average; and South Dakota at 23% headed versus 35% average, Mantini said.
Winter wheat harvest was 3% done as of Sunday, near the five-year average of 2%. Texas was 32% harvested compared to a 21% average, and Arkansas was 14% harvested compared to an average of 6%, Mantini noted.