USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report - Corn, Soybean Conditions Drop

OMAHA (DTN) -- Condition ratings for both U.S. corn and soybeans fell last week, USDA NASS said in its weekly Crop Progress report on Monday.

NASS estimated that 69% of the corn crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 12, down 2 percentage points from 71% the previous week.

"The larger rating reductions were seen in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Nebraska and Iowa," said DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman. "Wisconsin and Missouri saw slight increases. This week's national good-to-excellent rating is tied for the fourth-highest in 10 years."

Corn silking picked up speed last week, jumping ahead 19 percentage points to reach 29% as of Sunday. That was well ahead of 14% at the same time last year and just 3 percentage points behind the five-year average of 32%. Corn in the dough stage was estimated at 3%, equal to the average pace.

Meanwhile, soybean development continued to run ahead of normal last week. Soybeans blooming was estimated at 48%, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 40%. The portion of the crop setting pods -- mainly in the South -- was estimated at 11%, slightly ahead of the five-year average of 10%.

As with corn, the national soybean condition rating dropped last week. NASS estimated that 68% of the soybean crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of July 12, down 3 percentage points from 71% the previous week.

"States with 3-point rating drops or more included Ohio, Illinois, Nebraska and South Dakota," Hultman said. "Wisconsin posted the largest rating increase of 4 points. Monday's new good-to-excellent rating for soybeans is the fourth-highest in 10 years."

Winter wheat harvest made steady progress again last week, moving ahead 12 percentage points to reach 68% complete as of Sunday, 2 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 66%.

NASS was no longer reporting winter wheat conditions in Monday's report.

The percentage of spring wheat headed gained another 17 percentage points last week to reach 80% as of Sunday but remained 5 percentage points behind the five-year average of 85%.

Spring wheat condition, like that of row crops, fell last week. NASS estimated that 68% of the crop was in good-to-excellent condition, down 2 percentage points from 70% the previous week.

"South Dakota suffered a 9-percentage-point drop, while spring wheat in Montana declined 3 percentage points," Hultman said. "Monday's 68% good-to-excellent rating is the third-worst in 10 years, only rated higher than crops in 2014 and 2017."

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