Crop Progress - State Stories

IDAHO: The Statewide temperatures in Idaho for the month of January were normal to below average throughout the State. February ended a relatively mild winter in Idaho. Significant snow fell in the mountains, and notably, in the Tetons and the headwater regions of the Snake River. Northern Idaho received significant snowfall. The heavy snowfall provided great moisture for crop fields and abundant snowpack in the mountains. Some concern was expressed in Benewah and Kootenai Counties over the very cold temperatures they experienced prior to the snow event. Calving and lambing both progressed in northern and southwestern Idaho. Three good storms over the last two weeks added much needed moisture in Southwestern Idaho. In south central Idaho, temperatures cooled to norms that were more seasonal. The region finally received snow in the valley. Cautiously, the upcoming water year started to look better. Given the cooler weather conditions, farm work trended to a more normal schedule. Major activities included hauling manure. The February moisture helped the winter wheat crop come out of dormancy in good condition. In eastern Idaho, Bannock and Bingham Counties received much needed snow. Lemhi, Clark, Fremont, and Teton Counties also received steady snowfall throughout February. Ranchers started calving and the February weather conditions made it more challenging.

MONTANA: This report for Montana is for the entire month of February 2021. Topsoil moisture 12% very short, 41% short, 46% adequate, 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture 11% very short, 40% short, 48% adequate, 1% surplus. Winter wheat - condition 2% very poor, 9% poor, 20% fair, 61% good, 8% excellent. Winter wheat – wind damage 57% none, 26% light, 10% moderate, 7% heavy. Winter wheat – freeze and drought damage 71% none, 20% light, 7% moderate, 2% heavy. Winter wheat – protectiveness of snow cover 10% very poor, 9% poor, 24% fair, 46% good, 11% excellent. Pasture and range - condition 21% very poor, 21% poor, 47% fair, 9% good, 2% excellent. Livestock grazing accessibility – 41% open, 24% difficult, 35% closed. Livestock receiving supplemental feed – cattle and calves 97% fed. Livestock receiving supplemental feed – sheep and lambs 97% fed. The month of February produced cooler winter conditions and fluctuating temperatures across the State of Montana, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Reporters across the State noted they received a couple of decent storm events in February, which improved the snow cover and provided needed moisture. A cold snap pushed temperatures below historical averages, with temperatures dipping below zero into the third week of the month. Temperatures then began to slowly rise closer to the historical averages towards the end of the month. Low temperatures ranged from the low 40s to -20s. According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, approximately 97 percent of Montana is abnormally dry or in a current state of drought, with about 8 percent of the State in severe or extreme drought.

NEVADA: Topsoil moisture 50% very short, 25% short, 25% adequate. Subsoil moisture 70% very short, 25% short, 5% adequate. Temperatures for the month averaged 37.8 degrees, 2.5 degrees above normal. Statewide average precipitation was 0.60 inch.

OREGON: Conditions throughout the State in February ranged from 50 degree temperatures to ice storms. Ice storms caused significant damage to forest stands, hazelnut and fruit tree orchards in Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties. Some areas were still without power due to tree damage along roads and power line corridors. Damage to crops was not readily apparent. Benton and Lincoln Counties reported typical February temperatures; however, freezing rain in Benton County damaged trees and crops when temperatures dropped into the 20’s. In Tillamook and Clatsop Counties, rainy conditions persisted on the coast. Grass continued to grow well. Many pastures and grass cover crops planted on corn silage fields looked good. Most dairy herds continued to be confined. There were still beef operations with animals in fields with well-drained soils. Gilliam and Hood River Counties reported significant snowfalls, which brought the current moisture levels up to average; however, they were still behind from last year. The cold weather affected some cattle producers who were calving in mid-February. Baker, Grant, Wheeler, and Malheur Counties received a good amount of snow. Calving was difficult for a few nights with the snow and cold temperatures. In Douglas, Jackson, and Josephine Counties, steady rains made fieldwork messy. Soil moisture recharged. Snow pack was building. Winter pruning of orchards and vineyards neared completion. Plum orchards were about two weeks away from bloom. Cover crops and grain crops made good progress. Grains were about two feet tall. Malheur County producers staged supplies and equipment to start planting onions when field conditions permit.

UTAH: This report for Utah is for the entire month of February, 2021. Topsoil moisture 16% very short, 32% short, 50% adequate, 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture 29% very short, 37% short, 32% adequate, 2% surplus. Pasture and range condition 28% very poor, 38% poor, 28% fair, 5% good, 1% surplus. Winter wheat condition 5% very poor, 16% poor, 55% fair, 21% good, 3% excellent. Hay and roughage supplies 6% very short, 37% short, 53% adequate, 4% surplus. Stock water supplies 23% very short, 24% short, 52% adequate, 1% surplus. Cattle and calves condition 1% very poor, 7% poor, 30% fair, 59% good, 3% excellent. Sheep and lambs condition 4% poor, 40% fair, 53% good, 3% excellent. Livestock receiving supplemental feed for cattle 84%. Livestock receiving supplemental feed for sheep 64%. Cows calved 15%. Ewes lambed-farm flock 13%. Ewes lambed-range flock 5%. Colder temperatures along with snow storms occurred throughout the State for the month of February. Box Elder, Garfield, and Kane Counties report livestock producers are busy with calving. Beaver County reports livestock producers are having calving issues due to recent snow storms. As of February 21, 2021, snowpack in Utah was 79 percent measured as percent of median snowfall.

WASHINGTON: The Statewide temperatures in Washington for the month of February were below normal throughout the State. In western Washington, crops were doing well. In Jefferson County, most areas received eight or more inches of snow. The snow was gone within a week which caused no harm to grass, winter wheat, and cover crops. In San Juan County, pasture lands and seasonal streams were flowing at the maximum. Snow levels ranged from five to twelve inches based on location in the islands. There was little field work activity such as pruning that was done. Livestock producers struggled due to excess mud, snow, and ice in a below freezing storm that occurred. Some CSA farms saved their high-tunnels from collapse and continued to harvest cold weather cole crops that kept local consumers ecstatic. In central Washington, small amounts of snow covered winter wheat for a relatively short period of time. Calving went well even with the snow and cold. Northeast Washington had below normal amounts of snowfall. High winds and very cold conditions resulted in negative degree wind chills along the Okanogan River Valley. Orchards were running smudge pots and other techniques to combat the cold and wind in cherry blocks. In east central Washington, snow and cold weather occurred while crop conditions were normal. Sporadic warm spells took place and with limited snow cover, winter wheat conditions remained normal. In Southeast Washington, moisture was great and temperatures were on the rise. Winter was mild and soil moisture remained stationery with no outstanding situations to report.

WYOMING: This report for Wyoming is for the entire month of February 2021. Topsoil moisture 48% very short, 39% short, 13% adequate. Subsoil moisture 45% very short, 39% short, 16% adequate. Winter wheat condition 4% very poor, 16% poor, 76% fair, 4% good. Calving progress 6% cows calved. Sheep and lamb progress 5% ewes lambed, 2% sheep shorn. Hay and roughage supplies 21% very short, 26% short, 51% adequate, 2% surplus. Livestock condition 8% poor, 32% fair, 59% good, 1% excellent. Stock water supplies 21% very short, 22% short, 57% adequate. Pasture and range condition 29% very poor, 30% poor, 31% fair, 10% good. February brought snow and cold temperatures to Wyoming. Reports from Lincoln and Converse Counties noted that snow pack in the mountains improved during the month, while reports from Goshen and Big Horn Counties indicated little change in the cold, dry conditions and continued concern of worsening drought conditions. Temperatures for the month were slightly below average following a period of artic air that brought extremely cold, below average temperatures to the majority of the State. Reports out of Goshen County noted calving had started early; however, there were reports of death-loss due to the below average temperatures. Reports from Converse County indicated livestock were on full-feed rations. According to the United States Drought Monitor for February 18, 2021, the amount of land rated as abnormally dry was 6.5 percent, down from 6.9 percent last month. Moderate drought was present across 27.7 percent of the State, a decrease from 34.5 percent last month. Severe drought covered 38.8 percent of the State, compared to 28.6 percent last month, and extreme drought conditions covered 24.8 percent of the State, compared to 25.4 percent last month. Exceptional drought conditions decreased from 0.4 percent last month to zero percent of the State this month.

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