USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report - US Corn, Soybean Conditions Take Hit From Hot, Dry Weather

OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn and soybean conditions reflected the stress caused by hot and dry weather across central, northern and western parts of the country last week, as USDA NASS reported a drop in good-to-excellent ratings for both crops in its weekly Crop Progress report on Monday.

NASS estimated corn condition at 68% good to excellent as of Sunday, June 13, down 4 percentage points from 72% the previous week and now the eighth-lowest rating for the crop at this time of year in the past 12 years.

"Corn ratings in Iowa and Minnesota dropped 14 points and 11 points, respectively," noted DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman.

Soybean conditions also fell, sliding 5 percentage points from 67% good to excellent the previous week to 62% as of Sunday, the second-lowest rating for the crop in 12 years.

"Double-digit declines were seen in both Iowa and Illinois soybeans," Hultman said.

Planting and development of both corn and soybeans remained ahead of the five-year average last week. NASS estimated that 94% of the intended soybean crop was planted as of Sunday, 6 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 88%. Eighty-six percent of soybeans had emerged, 12 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 74%. Corn emerged was pegged at 96%, 5 percentage points ahead of the average of 91%.

Meanwhile, the winter wheat harvest logged a sluggish second week, moving ahead just 2 percentage points last week to reach 4% complete as of Sunday. That is 10 percentage points behind last year's 14% and 11 percentage points behind the five-year average of 15%.

"Texas and Arkansas are 30% and 29% harvested, respectively -- both slower than their usual paces," Hultman said.

Winter wheat condition was rated 48% good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from 50% the previous week.

"The Kansas winter wheat crop is rated 64% in good-to-excellent condition, but harvest has not started yet," Hultman said.

Spring wheat emergence was estimated at 96% as of Sunday, just 1 percentage point ahead of average. Eight percent of spring wheat was headed, ahead of 4% at the same time last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the average of 8%.

Spring wheat condition fell again last week, but not as much as the previous week. NASS pegged the crop's condition at 37% good to excellent, down just 1 percentage point from 38% the previous week. Still, the crop's current rating is the lowest for this time of year since 1988 even after last week's rain in the Northern Plains, Hultman noted.

"Modest drops in spring wheat condition were reported in Minnesota, North Dakota and Washington," he said.

Sorghum was 72% planted, 3 percentage points behind the average. Sorghum headed was 13%, also 3 percentage points behind average.

Cotton planting was 90% complete, 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average. Cotton squaring was 13%, 3 percentage points behind average. Cotton condition was rated 45% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from 46% the previous week.

Rice was pegged at 96% emerged and 1% headed. Rice condition was rated 72% good to excellent, down 3 percentage points from 75% the previous week.

Oats heading was at 50%. Oats were rated 42% in good-to-excellent condition, down 4 percentage points from 46% the previous week.

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